camel milk General about camel

Trends and Potential of Camel Milk in Pakistan

Here are the major ideas I discussed in my discussion at the online seminar held by the Cholistan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences in Bahawalpur, Pakistan, concerning camel milk. Although the topic of the conference was camel udder health, I chose to concentrate my discussion on the state and future of camel milk in Pakistan.

Poster of the camel conference in Bahawalpur Pakistan
Poster of the camel conference in Bahawalpur, Pakistan

The main points of my talk

  • Pakistan is home to the world’s best dairy camels, such as Brela, Kharani, Lassi, Sindhi, and more
  • Pakistan has enough camels—above one million
  • The cameleers’ communities are still interested in the camel profession
  • Pakistani camels enjoy the highest level of welfare and well-being; they are kept by cameleers as their family members
  • Pakistani camels still have the facility of grazing; they produce very healthy milk enriched with a diversity of phytochemicals
  • Awareness about camel milk’s therapeutic power is increasing and many people are shifting to camel milk for health reasons
  • Some pastoralists move with their lactating camels and sell fresh milk to consumers directly near urban hubs
  • The camel milk business is mainly run and regulated by woman pastoralists
  • In some parts of the country, families are adding lactating camels to their family livestock; now you can see she-camels in the barn with cows and buffaloes
  • Some semi-intensive camel farming (small-scale) is being initiated to produce milk for urban hubs like Karachi and Lahore
  • Some small organizations are collecting milk from the pastoralists and selling it to consumers
Author Dr. Abdul Raziq Kakar is speaking to the conference
The author, Dr. Abdul Raziq Kakar, is speaking at the conference

Investment opportunities and sustainable development

  • Camel milk channelization: milk collected from the cameleers and safely delivered to the consumer. A clear and safe value chain will bring great success to such projects.
  • Export of high-yielding camels instead of live camels: instead of selling live lactating/dairy animals, it will be the best choice for many reasons to sell the live embryos of the elite camels for dairy purposes. It will generate jobs at the country level and bring foreign exchange in return for genetic resources (camel embryos). However, such work must be performed under a policy/regulation to protect the proprietary rights of the camel herders as the custodians of the genes. Many farmers in different parts of the world are interested in camel dairy genetics from Pakistan.
  • Camel as a family dairy animal: We should support and develop the camel as a family dairy animal. It takes little effort and awareness-raising training to convince the livestock keepers to adopt the camel as a family dairy animal. The author has already worked on this idea, and there has already been some success, especially in Balochistan.
  • No to food export policy and corporate farming: All food items, including camels (live or meat) and camel milk, should not be allowed to be promoted and used as a source of foreign currency earnings. Corporate farming and food exports are not suitable for countries like Pakistan, where ordinary people are facing a food shortage.

Constraints and Challenges

The constraints can be divided into 3 main categories

A. Shrinking grazing areas; sadly, this is a very painful fact about the present situation in the country. The demand for land is very high and there are no regulations to protect the grazing rights of the pastoralists. All government projects, conservation parks, corporate farming, land allotments, etc. are materialized on historical grazing lands. There is no policy or organization to protect their rights.

B. No policy-level support; There is very little or zero support to the pastoralists, small and medium farmers, especially the camel keepers. The issue is not only the grazing land shrinkage but also the lack of support in marketing the camel products.

C. The camel export: Camel is exported illegally; it is not recorded and not regularized, and the middleman is earning the major profit, not the farmers. Nobody knows what is going on. This area needs policy support to help in the controlled export of camels, but the profit should go to the cameleers so that the camel profession further flourishes and develops.

D. Milk Marketing and Channelization: As mentioned above, there is no support for the cameleers at any level in the country. The pastoralists strive at their capacity and level to sell the camel milk. Support in milk channelization will be a great breakthrough in the camel marketing area. I then witnessed 3 very successful camel milk channelization stories in Mongolia, Ethiopia, and Oman, I was the consultant for the projects.


Due to its exceptional ability to withstand weather-related disasters, camels are the greatest option for food security in the event of climate change. Camels are being used by pastoralists in various areas, particularly in Africa, to replace cattle. The camel is the most valuable livestock in Pakistan, which is in the red zone for climate change and needs to meet its food security goals. All that camel keepers need is policy assistance to bolster their industry and lay the groundwork for a sustainable means of subsistence.

Camel in Middle East and Africa camel milk Camel milk demand in Africa

Higher Demand for Milk is a driver of Sustainability

A case study from the Somali Region of Ethiopia

I always tried to spend my time with the camels’ related explorations and research work. This year (2023) I visited 2 important camel communities;

  • 1. Dhofari camels in Salalah Oman
  • 2. Somali camel community in the Somali Region of Ethiopia (Jigjiga)

Here is my take on the case study in Ethiopia

I visited 2 farms (semi-intensive camel dairies) and many mobile camel herds in the Somali Region of Ethiopia. The camels are very healthy, active, and kept at a very high level of well-being. The pastoralists and the emerging camel dairy herders are keeping camels in a very good state of situation. The camels have the freedom of roaming and grazing on natural pastures. They consume diverse types of flora, some flora are rich in nutrients for camels, some act as medicine keeping animals healthy, and some flora have higher transferability from healthy promising nutrients from the camel to the consumers through camel products, esp milk.

camel consuming thorny cactuses in Somali Region of Ethiopia
Camels are consuming thorny cactuses in the Somali Region of Ethiopia

1. Higher demand for camel milk

There is a high demand for camel milk in the Somali region of Ethiopia, the same is the phenomenon in most parts of East, Central, and West Africa. The camel herders attain very reasonable prices for camel milk. The price per kg is 3 USD in the Somali Region of Ethiopia (SRE). The camel milk is provided to those customers who have already registered for camel milk. The milk quality is very good, coming from naturally grazing camels. The surroundings of the camel farms are very clean naturally and rich with a lot of diverse vegetation and trees. No flies, ticks, or other problems in the near surroundings were noticed. I shot many videos and images and documented a lot of facts about camel dairying in SRE.

2. Camel milk taste is driven by what they eat (sweet milk)

As for the flavor, unlike in cows, it is 100% dependent on what camels are eating. We can tell the difference between milk from camels feeding on dunes or on sebkhas (salty flats) near the sea, just a mile apart. With salty browsing, the milk leaves a pleasant salty taste on one’s lips, but from euphorbias on the dunes, it is much sweeter. When camels eat particular trees like Acacia (locally called Askaf)  herders say the milk is incredibly healthy, and they love the taste, but in fact, it is a bit bitter and (to me) slightly unpleasant but the shrub grows in a particular environment and may well be as healthy as they say. Camel lactose is different from cow’s, having a different molecular structure which doesn’t cause any lactose intolerance issue. I found the strange fact that the camel milk was sweeter like honey.

Camel are consuming cacti and other highly adapted native flora

3. Bottling of raw milk

It is interesting that the milk is poured directly into bottles after milking, without even filtering (e.g. through a cloth). I thought a lot about asking the camel dairy entrepreneur to filter the milk after milking but decided that the cloth would not be washed or not washed well enough, so it would be more dangerous than just delivering the milk with all the dirt in inevitably in a rural desert setting it contains sand, hair, cells, insects, dust, etc. Another factor is that consumers in that sort of setting have nice strong immune systems, so there is less risk. Also, there is no H&S inspection to require any sanitary standards. I think it is optimistic to believe that there are no pathogens or insects involved, but the operation looks nicely thought out and done. Here is the link to a video about the bottling of camel milk in SRE.

Camel Breed Camel in Middle East and Africa camel milk Camel Milk and Natural Health Camel milk demand in Africa

Camel Milk or Honey?

I visited camel pastoralists in the Somali Region of Ethiopia (SRE), mainly Jigjiga and found very interesting and new facts about camels and pastoralism.

A very amazing piece of information about the camel population in the region is that there are 6.5 million camels in SRE. Please tell me your views in this regard. The total camel population in Ethiopia is more than 8 million. (as per oral information provided by Pastoral Bureau)

The other fact I found personally, is the taste of the milk of the Hoor or Hur camel breed in the the region. It was very strange for me as I have visited many different camel herding communities globally and tasted the milk of many camel types (Dromedary and Bactrian) but never found the taste like it was in the region. I drank camel milk in Jigjiga, and believe me the taste was like the taste of honey. The milk was acquired from the naturally grazing camels. There is a wide floral diversity and the camels consume it regularly while grazing/browsing in the rangelands.

A lactating camel of Hur breed, Jigjiga region Ethiopia

When I shared this information in the Camel4Life International (camel advocacy forum) WhatsApp group, many cameleers from different parts of the world responded with their experience of the camel milk taste.
I can easily imagine! Our milk also can be very sweet (Ilse Kohler Rollefson, a German camel lover residing in Rajasthan with the camel herds). Dr Piers (camel owner and PhD in camel production from Kenya) responded as;

“My milk in Kenya does too, almost like coconut milk sweet. I am sure that the sweet flavour is the natural flavour of all free-ranging camels that have the liberty to choose what and how much they want to eat. Depending on the natural plants and ecology it can be salty, or sometimes very bitter if they eat flowering Vernonia shrubs for example. It’s like natural honey from bees, the flavour depends on the plants. Someone should open a shop selling all the different flavours of natural camel milk over the different seasons globally.

For further good reading about the incredible camels and my camel advocacy work, CLICK THE LINKS

camel milk Camel Milk and Natural Health

Is Camel Milk Free of Lactose?

People always ask the question ‘if camel milk is free from Lactose, I always reply with a big no because camel milk has the same quantity of Lactose as a cow (4%).
Camel milk is misunderstood as low lactose milk which is wrong. Camel milk has the same quantity of lactose as cow milk but the lactate produced (from the camel milk lactic acid bacteria fermentation) in the gut is 100% L-lactate which is not intolerant as D-lactate. Cow milk synthesizes the highest level of D-Lactate, therefore intolerant to some guts (lactose intolerance).

“Camel lactose is strictly the same as cow or goat lactose!! It is probably the product of lactose fermentation (D or L- lactate) in relationship with the camel milk lactic bacteria strains which could be the different response of famous camelogist Dr. Bernard Fay”

Camelogist Dr. Bernard Faye

Lactate is a product of lactose fermentation in the gut, but the natural microflora of camel milk facilitates the production of L- lactate. Here is the link to my article, you can read the comments as well.
Please share your feedback and opinion.
Camel milk is the most important option hope for the future of camel, food security and nature
Camel milk is the most important option hope for the future of camel, food security, and nature
camel milk Camel milk products

Global Camel Milk Companies

The Camel milk business is worth > 11 billion US dollars annually, 70% of camel milk is consumed by camel owners and never reaches the market but some companies (farmers, cooperatives, and corporations) process and market the camel milk. Because of the availability of camel milk in the market, the consumption of camel milk is increasing, and is an ever-increasing demand for it mainly because of health reasons.

I have hereby compiled the names and their origin of some important and significant companies. Here are the names.

Important companies of camel milk at the global level

  1. Camelait, produced by Alain Farms for Livestock Production, Alain Abudhabi, UAE
  2. Camelicious, Dubai UAE
  3. Tvisky Mauritania
  4. Toplait Mauritania
  5. Beida, Chad
  6. Alwathania KSA
  7. Al-Thurath KSA
  8. Al-Marooj Oman
  9. Camel Milk Company Australia
  10. QCamel Company Australia
  11. Summerland Australia
  12. Camilk Dairy Australia
  13. Desert Farm Inc. the USA
  14. Camelot USA
  15. Oasis Camel Dairy USA
  16. Camel Dairy Smit Netherlands
  17. Tedjane Dairy, Al- Oued Algeria
  18. Lait De Chamelle Morocco
  19. Tayyiba Farm Egypt
  20. Nuug Camel Farm Kenya
  21. Whitegold Camel Milk Kenya
  22. Ramad and Galool, Hergeisa Somaliland
  23. Wang Yuan China
  24. Xinjiang Wangyuan Camel Milk Industry Co. China
  25. TESO Mongolia
  26. CAMWELL Mongolia
  27. Amul Camel Milk India
  28. Aadvik India
  29. She Camel India
  30. Camel Chrishma India
  31. Hump Group, UK
  32. Ovacik Mandira, Turkeye
camel milk Camel Milk for Health

CaM-Immune Works Better than Normal Camel Milk- A Claim by Millie Hinkle

Cam-Immune shown extremely positive results on Cancer Patient

Research with cancer patients and Cam-Immune shown extremely positive results. Gave Cam-Immune immediately before chemo therapy treatment and again immediately after treatment. The high levels of antioxidants, antibodies, the Cam-Immune seems to act as a carrying agent for the chemotherapy directly to the tumor without any of the negative side effects normally experienced by patients. Shrinkage of tumors observed in radiological tests. Seeking camels and funding for further studies here in US.

Also very Positive Impact on the Autistic Kids

Observation of autistic children showed rapid response compared to just regular camel milk. Autistic children on Cam-Immune had improvement in eye contact,verbal response, cognitive measurement response and motor skill improvement within a shorter period of time than children on regular camel milk.

The best and acceptable way would be a comprehensive study with highly scientific methodology/ies in different ecological regions of the world, where a team of scientist with the diverse background is involved.

Dr. Raziq Kakar
camel milk Camel Milk for Health

Cam-Immune Can Help in Keeping the Infections at Bay

A Claim by Dr. Millie Hinkle, USA

I am astounded at how fast the variants of Covid are spreading. I have patients who have had Covid last year and both vaccines this year and now they are very ill with the delta variant. I am so sad because I have tried to get government funding to develop Cam-Immune.

What is CaM? it is the abbreviation of camel milk

Cam- Immune Have Proven to Support the Immune System

Cam-Immune can be taken by mouth but I am also able to develop it into a nasal spray. The high levels of antioxidants, antibodies, etc in Cam- Immune have proven to support the immune system against the Covid variants.

Natural Feed Formula

My all natural formula that I feed the camel increases specific enzymes that fight against Covid. The virus cannot replicate. But also one of the most amazing facts is that the camel themselves are protected against Covid, Sars and Mers. I desperately want to help everyone around the world as well as the camel with my Cam-Immune but simply cannot go forward without funding to mass produce this not as a drug but as a nutraceutical. This is good because it does not have to be on a wait list by the FDA. It is a therapeutic approach to Covid and the variants.

Why we not give a chance to natural formula, easy applicable and no side effects and no hesitation from the people.

Dr. Raziq Kakar
camel milk Natural Health and Camel Milk

A Claim; 100% Natural Feed for Camels

Dr. Millie Hinkle Claim That

I have a 100% natural formula that I feed the camel. Within 4 weeks the antibodies, immunoglobulins and antioxidants doubled. This created a Super Milk and this milk is called Cam-Immune.

Is it Really Improves Camel Health?

The other amazing fact about the special formula I fed the camel is that the camels health drastically improved. The camel in the study were 9-10 year old camel. After consuming my special formula their serum showed the health of only a year old camel. The formula that I feed the camel has also proven to prevent the replication of SARS, MERS,.and Covid 19 viruses in the camel. Dairies around d the world are concerned about theses viruses with their camel. No camel on my formula has gotten any of these viruses.

Camel is natural reservoir/host of many microorganisms, especially viruses and camel doesn’t need any external formula retard replications of viruses or boost camel immunity as camel is naturally immune.

Dr. Raziq Kakar

Camel milk is naturally superior and unique because of the camels’ genetics as camel is adapted to the challenging conditions of health like infections and extreme environments like aridity and hot weathers.


A Claim; 100% Natural Feed for Camels

Camel milk in nature
camel milk World Milk Day

Why Camel Milk on World Milk Day Agenda?

The Answer is Very Simple

In the last 2 decades, some serious concerns reported regarding the consumption of milk at large, especially cow milk from factory farming. As we are living in the information era so there are many reports from different quarters of the world telling about the cow milk allergy protein, lactose intolerance, poor welfare of cows, methane emission, manure problems, and other health and environmental issue.

In such circumstances, many players are entering the ring, from vegetable milk (though the milk only comes from a living animals’ udder) to buffalo and mare to small ruminant milk. All types of milk coming from healthy animal and healthy nature are very good for our health, I have no doubt but camel milk is the best of all.

Why Camel Milk is the Best?

In my point of view, camel milk is one of the best choices as the camel has the potential of a true dairy animal, produces milk for a longer lactation period, and produces in a very sustainable and healthy mechanism. The milk of the camel is also very special and unique and had been considered as the natural pharmacy. Camel is naturally adapted to the calamities of climate change and produces precious milk without any energy and chemical inputs.

Camel Milk is Immune Boosting

Increased media coverage of climate change and consumers shifting to more natural, immune-boosting “super-foods” in COVID, puts camel milk higher up on the daily agenda.

African Milk Products camel milk The Camel and Climate Change

Kenya’s dairy industry switches from cows to camels | Global Ideas

The cow is the most important farm animal in parts of Africa but climate change is threatening the existence of the animal. Recurring droughts and extreme heat are making cows unable to produce essential milk. Camel produces milk in harsh conditions where other farm animals are hard to survive. In Kenya, a group of farmers has found an alternative to camel milk.

Woman and camel milk in Africa
Woman and camel milk in Kenya, Africa. Camel milk could be the next superfood—thanks to East Africa

Unlike cows, camels can withstand long periods of extreme drought and still produce milk all year round. Some 200 women have already made the switch from cow to camel milk. Camel milk is healthier and pleasant in taste. The move has improved living conditions for many, especially because they are able to sell milk from their camels at a competitive price. In the following links, you can read further about the emerging camel dairies in the horn of Africa.