ONLINE:INTERNATIONAL CAMELCONFERENCE (VIRTUAL)-A SERIES OF World CAMEL DAY CELEBRATIONS
S e p t 3 0 t h – O c t I s t , 2 0 2 1
A World Camel Day Series
Climate change is a bitter reality and the globe is facing the consequences of this phenomenon. It is imperative to strive for food security in this scenario. The camel is an amazing species along with extraordinary resilience in changing environments. There is a need to explore and share the potential and future of this creature under climate change circumstances. The Department of Livestock Production and Management is taking one step forward to organize the International Camel Conference (Virtual) in collaboration with Camel Association of Pakistan to take advantage of exploring the potential of this creature through cooperation, hard work, research & development to open new doors in the multi-value research aspect. We welcome the dignitaries, researchers, and scholars to this event.
Prof. (R) Dr. Muhammad Younas, Ex Dean FAH, Founding President, Camel Association of Pakistan (CAP)
Prof. Dr. Zafar Iqbal Qureshi, Deptt. of Theriogenology, Uni. of Agriculture, Faisalabad.
Nisar Ahmad Wani, Scientific Director Reproductive Biotechnology Centre, Nad Al Sheba, Dubai
Dr Abdul Raziq Kakar, Technical Operations Manager, Al-Ain Farms, Abu Dhabi, International. Camel Dairying Specialist & Consultant
Prof. Dr Taherah Mohammadabadi, Agricultural Sciences, and Natural Resources, University of Khuzestan, Iran
Prof. Dr. Tarun Kumar Gahlot, Rajasthan Agri. Uni., Bikaner, India. Editor: J. Camel Practice and researcher.
Pauline Gitonga, Dryland Animal Health Consultant, ASAL Extension Ltd. Kenya
Camel is one of the best animal models adapted to the harshest climatic conditions of the earth. Camel is engineered with super genes, evolved in tune with the climate change in the hundreds of years evolution history.
Seeing the tragic scenes on TV about the wildfires and the soaring heat in the regions not used to such challenges, the scientists are now thinking of adaptation strategies as the mitigation is complicated, expensive, and unsustainable.
As an animal scientist, working with the camels for the last 20 years, I’m very confident to say that one of the best adaptation strategies would be giving the camel a chance to perform as a food security animal. Though it is not easy and simple it is a reliable and sustainable model to ensure food security under the climate change challenge. Camel can be introduced in the forests (organic nutrients) which can consume the roughages which are otherwise causing hazardous fires. Camel and other animals especially goats can cut the link between the plants on the ground and the shoots of the trees, hence minimizing the risk of wildfires. http://camel4all.info/index.php/2020/09/15/grazing-livestock-can-eliminate-the-fire-hazards-in-the-forests/
Camel with the ability to produce milk and meat in a very low or zero input system can provide amazing food ingredients, especially milk which is attracting thousands of new consumers because of its health-friendly nature. Camel milk is not only good food but helps in health challenges, especially the challenges which are posed because of lifestyle like diabetes.
I have been writing on the camelization of the camels in the new habitats which are different and far away from their original habitats of Asia and Africa. The new habitats like Australia, part of the USA, and Europe are the new habitats and the people over there are witnessed the miraculous attributes of camels under the challenges of climate change. Also, many reports are circulating about the health admiring role of the camel milk as we can read on the very active group wall posts on Facebook with the name of ‘HEALING WITH THE CAMEL MILK’
European scientists are convinced with the attributes of the camel and the renowned camel scientist Dr. bernard Faye is leading a camel milk project with the name of CAMELMILK (PRIMA project n° 1832) to materialize camel milk availability at the European level. There are very promising results coming out of the project. I can see the beautiful pictures of the milking camels and the cheese-making out of the camel milk. https://camel-milk.org/about-us/summary/
In Europe, the camels are mainly housed in 3 countries, i.e. Germany, France, and Spain. Clearer information is only available for the Canary Island with at least 1,300 camels (the data is a bit controversial and maybe more than these figures). The average per camel milk yield (3 to 4 kg/day) is lower than in Africa, Arabia, and Central and South Asia. The prices of camel milk range from 8 to 10 Euro per kg camel milk. People are taking interest in camel milk and the consumers are increasing with a speedy incline curve. The main reasons for the camel milk likeness in Europe are;
People with allergies prefer camel milk as the camel milk is free of cow allergy proteins and intolerant lactose.
The health conscious people, especially the new generation
The people looking for the pharmacological affects of the camel milk and consider camel milk as natural pharmacy
The people who prioritize environment friendly production system
Challenges and the Way Forward
One of the most important challenges for the camel keepers in the new habitats is the lower yield of milk. The ancestors of those camels were imported into the regions for work. They are massive animals and comparatively low yielders in milk. In some regions, especially Europe they are somehow crossbred with the Bactrian camels which are very low yielder but producing thicker milk than the Arabian camels.
It will be a wise suggestion to make a camel dairy consortium at a global level with the support of the relevant countries’ governments to centralize the best camel genes for more and sustainable milk production. It is a bit tricky but not impossible. This will be a milestone in the journey of the camel dairying which will put longer impacts on the food systems and environments in the regions.
Cam-Immune shown extremely positive results on Cancer Patient
Research with cancer patients and Cam-Immune shown extremely positive results. Gave Cam-Immune immediately before chemo therapy treatment and again immediately after treatment. The high levels of antioxidants, antibodies, etc.in the Cam-Immune seems to act as a carrying agent for the chemotherapy directly to the tumor without any of the negative side effects normally experienced by patients. Shrinkage of tumors observed in radiological tests. Seeking camels and funding for further studies here in US.
Also very Positive Impact on the Autistic Kids
Observation of autistic children showed rapid response compared to just regular camel milk. Autistic children on Cam-Immune had improvement in eye contact,verbal response, cognitive measurement response and motor skill improvement within a shorter period of time than children on regular camel milk.
The best and acceptable way would be a comprehensive study with highly scientific methodology/ies in different ecological regions of the world, where a team of scientist with the diverse background is involved.
I am astounded at how fast the variants of Covid are spreading. I have patients who have had Covid last year and both vaccines this year and now they are very ill with the delta variant. I am so sad because I have tried to get government funding to develop Cam-Immune.
What is CaM? it is the abbreviation of camel milk
Cam- Immune Have Proven to Support the Immune System
Cam-Immune can be taken by mouth but I am also able to develop it into a nasal spray. The high levels of antioxidants, antibodies, etc in Cam- Immune have proven to support the immune system against the Covid variants.
Natural Feed Formula
My all natural formula that I feed the camel increases specific enzymes that fight against Covid. http://camel4all.info/index.php/2021/07/29/a-claim-100-natural-feed-for-camels/ The virus cannot replicate. But also one of the most amazing facts is that the camel themselves are protected against Covid, Sars and Mers. I desperately want to help everyone around the world as well as the camel with my Cam-Immune but simply cannot go forward without funding to mass produce this not as a drug but as a nutraceutical. This is good because it does not have to be on a wait list by the FDA. It is a therapeutic approach to Covid and the variants.
Why we not give a chance to natural formula, easy applicable and no side effects and no hesitation from the people.
I have a 100% natural formula that I feed the camel. Within 4 weeks the antibodies, immunoglobulins and antioxidants doubled. This created a Super Milk and this milk is called Cam-Immune.
Is it Really Improves Camel Health?
The other amazing fact about the special formula I fed the camel is that the camels health drastically improved. The camel in the study were 9-10 year old camel. After consuming my special formula their serum showed the health of only a year old camel. The formula that I feed the camel has also proven to prevent the replication of SARS, MERS,.and Covid 19 viruses in the camel. Dairies around d the world are concerned about theses viruses with their camel. No camel on my formula has gotten any of these viruses.
Camel is natural reservoir/host of many microorganisms, especially viruses and camel doesn’t need any external formula retard replications of viruses or boost camel immunity as camel is naturally immune.
Dr. Raziq Kakar
Camel milk is naturally superior and unique because of the camels’ genetics as camel is adapted to the challenging conditions of health like infections and extreme environments like aridity and hot weathers.
This troy was reported in a Russian-language newspaper and shared by my friend Dr. Moldir Nurseitova. The link of the story is provided at the end of the article.
Otemis Makan is a camel and horse farmer in the Steepe of Kazakhstan, close to Almaty city. He is farming 225 camels and the same amount of horses and the main driver of his farming is the milk and its value-added products Shubat and Khamis from camel and horse milk respectively. The camels and horses are free-roaming, enjoying nature and eating the flora they like the most. Nature enriches and fortifies their milk and makes it a solution of supermolecules, therefore camel milk is considered a natural pharmacy. Not only the milk but also the urine from such happy camels is considered as a healing agent and functional food.
Each Camel has Her Own Name
He loves camels the most and has given names to each milking camel and the calves know the names of their mothers. The calves are kept and reared separately and when the mothers are brought into the milking pen each calf is called by its mother name and the calves really understand their names and run into the milking parlor. One camel’s name is Aisha. The calf starts suckling mama camel and the milk letdown starts and the milking is started. Now the farmer milk the camel and the calf suckle one teat, it is a very natural and friendly way of milk, only the nature oxytocin is induced. Nice husbandry like this further enriches the quality of super camel milk.
Fermented Camel Milk (Shubat)
Shubat is centuries old and the firsthand fermentation method of Central Asia nomads to preserve and enrich the milk. The camel milk Shubat is safe and usable for 3 days without cooling/refrigeration. Shubat is the very traditional dairy cosine of Kazakhstan. It is not only considered as food but a very strong healing agent.
According to the farmer, there is an increasing demand for camel urine and some people believe that it can heal very complicated health issues if a 5th quarter is added to 4 parts of the camel milk. The demand for urine is there and many people’s feedback is very positive. Me the author personally, I never recommend drinking camel urine.
There are many reasons why the new scientists are being attracted by the camel but we can summarize 3 main reasons behind the attraction of camel for scientists.
The camel is a fantastic biological model for biologists working on basic sciences as immunology (unique structure of immunoglobulines), hematology (remarkable behaviour of blood in case of dehydration or effort), proteomic (presence of specific proteins in camel milk), physiology (mechanisms of adaptation to desert climate or low nutritive resource), pharmacology (specificity of pharmacodynamic) or genomic (gene signing the adaptation to environment).
The camel is able to produce milk, meat, wool, leather, energy, etc in desertic conditions as multipurpose animal, i.e., he is able to ensure a zootechnical production in arid conditions more efficiently than other domestic species. In that purpose some applied research are on-going as new features in camel milk processing, impact of intensification on camel production, the use of biotechnologies of reproduction, specialized camel farm management (racing camel, dairy farm, feed-lot), disease control and ecopathological approach.
The camel is an element of desert ecosystem including climatic change, globalization of the economy, change in production systems and pastoralism’ practices. Some studies regarding the role of camel in the desertification combat, the added-value of camel in desert productivity, the ecosystemic services of camel farming, the valorization of camel products all along the commodity channels, etc.
The story about the camel future – Animal of future
In continuation of the series of camel stories from different regions of the world
Camel Beyond Their Cradle of Domestication
From their places of domestication 5000 years ago, dromedary and Bactrian camels moved far away from their cradle (origin of domestication). Two main parameters can explain this camel stock moving: The aridification of the Sahara starting just before the Christian Era. The trade routes in Asia from China to the Mediterranean coast (Silk Road) and across Sahara from the Maghreb to the Sahel, using camels’ caravans.
FAO Statistics and the Camels
The world statistics (site FAOstat) available since 1961 only, show a regular increase of the camel population (approximatively 3%/year), but with different demography patterns.
Global Demographic Trends in Camels
Globally, we can distinguish a Trend as
Countries with a decline of the camel population, but except in India, this decline was stopped since the years 2000’s for example in China, Turkey, and Middle-east (5 % of the total camel population) (5 % of the total camel population)
Countries with a regular growth of their population (North and Horn of Africa, Pakistan, and Central Asia) (50 % of the total camel population)
Countries with important increase after slight decline which concern Syria and Bahrein only (1.5 % of the total camel population)
Countries with sudden increase after a long regular growth (Sahel countries and Arabian Peninsula) ( 43.5 % of the total camel population)
New implantations are also observable
After importing some camels in Australia in the XIXth century, a large camel population is nowadays present in this country. Camels were also imported in arid countries of Southern Africa (Namibia, Botswana). But a recent keen interest can be observed in Western countries (USE, Europe), mainly for touristic attraction, but more and more for milk production.
Globally, it is expected that climatic changes are giving a chance for camels to take more place in the future world.
A series of camel stories from different regions of the world
The camel, most closely associated with desert climates, actually has unique connections to Europe. The Romans made the first introductions of Arabian (one hump) camels, likely for menageries, but archaeological evidence also supports their use as working animals in Belgium during the Roman period.
Some very old references are available about the camels in early medieval Europe. The Visigoths and other tribes may have brought them into Western Europe. In France, the Merovingian King Clotaire paraded his Queen Brunehaut on a camel before having her executed. The Arabs and Berbers in the early eighth century brought camels with them, but camel herding never really flourished in those regions. The Hohenstaufen king Redrick made use of camels in Sicily and southern Italy.
There were several attempts to introduce camels into Europe in the early modern period. Around 1623 a small herd of camels owned by King James used to graze daily in St James’s Park. Philip of Spain maintained a small zoo in the gardens of his palace at Aranjuez with 4 camels, which he had brought over in the 1570s from Africa. They proved useful in building work, so more were bred until there were about 40. Ferdinand de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, introduced imported camels in 1622 to be used a pack animals. The last of the herd lingered in the environs of Pisa until the second World War when soldiers killed the remnant for meat.
In 19th century Spain there were feral camels in the swamps of the Guadalquivir Delta. Allegedly they had been left there by the British army in the Peninsular War. Alternatively and less romantically, they had originally been imported into the province of Cadiz in 1829to work on road-building and other projects. There were other short-lived attempts to introduce camels in Spain, Poland, and elsewhere.
A series of camel stories from different regions of the world
Uzbekistan Central Asia
The milk story is derived from a case study of a camel farm in Fergana. Asrorzhon Khikmatov, a camel herder, who has been engaged in herding camels for several years in the steppes of central Fergana in the Rishtan district of the Fergana region.
“I fell in love with camels because my father recovered from their milk”
“Several years ago, my father fell ill, he was bedridden for a long time. On the advice of people, I started giving him camel milk and he recovered. Then I fell in love with camels. The father still drinks this milk. Abu Ali ibn Sina in his book “The Canons of Medicine” dwelled on the healing properties of camel milk, which contains three times more vitamins than cow’s milk. Avicenna’s words turned out to be true. I was convinced that camel’s milk cured many diseases by the example of my father, ”explains Asrorjon Hikmatov, president of the Roshidon nasldor tuyalari farm.
Camel Milk is Considered as Natural Pharmacy
“People come to us for healing milk from the regions, from Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, sometimes from Russia. They bring in patients with diabetes mellitus and liver disease. Basically, camel milk cleanses the blood. We plan to conclude an agreement with Turkmenistan and increase the number of camels to 100 in the future. A liter of camel milk now costs 35,000 soums. Basically, it is bought for medicinal purposes. We give free milk to seriously ill patients in need, ”explains the president of the farm.
The Milk Production Potential
“In fact, a camel can give up to 10 liters of milk a day. But our camels give 2 liters each. Because we don’t give them extra food. Camels feed on camel thorns in the pasture. If they are fed more, they will have more milk, but its healing properties will be lost. Unlike other animals, camels are very intelligent. But they need food, like five cows. Basically, they’re insatiable, ”smiles Asrorjon Hikmatov.
The Camels are Milked 3 Times a Day
We have learned that camels are milked 3 times a day: at sunrise, at noon, and in the evening. We really wanted to watch the morning milking process, so we left for Rishtan, as soon as dawn broke.
Hikmatov Also Makes Money from the Wool
Camels provide not only milk, he said, but also wool, which is much appreciated: “1 kg of camel’s wool costs $ 50. They make pillows, blankets, clothes out of them. In the future, we intend to start exporting wool. “
In the last 2 decades, some serious concerns reported regarding the consumption of milk at large, especially cow milk from factory farming. As we are living in the information era so there are many reports from different quarters of the world telling about the cow milk allergy protein, lactose intolerance, poor welfare of cows, methane emission, manure problems, and other health and environmental issue.
In such circumstances, many players are entering the ring, from vegetable milk (though the milk only comes from a living animals’ udder) to buffalo and mare to small ruminant milk. All types of milk coming from healthy animal and healthy nature are very good for our health, I have no doubt but camel milk is the best of all.
Why Camel Milk is the Best?
In my point of view, camel milk is one of the best choices as the camel has the potential of a true dairy animal, produces milk for a longer lactation period, and produces in a very sustainable and healthy mechanism. The milk of the camel is also very special and unique and had been considered as the natural pharmacy. Camel is naturally adapted to the calamities of climate change and produces precious milk without any energy and chemical inputs.
Camel Milk is Immune Boosting
Increased media coverage of climate change and consumers shifting to more natural, immune-boosting “super-foods” in COVID, puts camel milk higher up on the daily agenda.
Please raise a glass of camel milk to good health! In COVID-19, from Kazakhstan to Kenya, demand for camel milk is up by 20%, especially home delivery. Great to help the fab camel dairies, pastoralists, veterinarians and experts from around the world to better position and communicate. The cow dairy lobby is very well organized – and now camel milk producers and users with lactose intolerance and other health issues are getting better organized also!
Thanks, Jeffrey Flood for your BBC News 2020 interview which first inspired me to learn more about this superfood, a world with hidden goodness in the most extreme climate. Your knowledge of nutrition, immunity, and health led to the wider camel world with Prof. Dr. Abdul Raziq Kakar and so many more. Merci e santé a tous!
Extra important in these tough times to support farmers and pastoralists around the world. Humans and our planet really do need good, healthy food to stay alive and well VS processed, chemical, sugar, or hormone-filled foods which mess with our land and immune systems and can trigger unwanted conditions.
The calamities of climate change are so devastating for the farming sector, especially animal agriculture. Not only the feed & water is the main challenge but the rise in temperatures, aridity, and diseases are also adversely affecting the production and the quality of the products. In such a mystifying scenario some species of animals are preferred over others because of their adaptation to the emerging challenges and producing quality products, the camel is one of the examples of such genetic resources.
Towering Demand for Camel Milk
The demand for camel milk is increasing because of some very basic facts as;
The camel can produce milk in the challenging environmets and needs very little inputs, so its products are attractive for those who think about the environment. Camel Dairying is sustainable in true sense.
The camel milk is very healthy, immune booster, and safe for all ages and conditions.
The camel milk has longer shelf life and needs very little efforts to be preserved and stored.
Seeing such a demanding market for camel milk, many players are coming into the ring to produce camel milk and deliver it in the market. In the last 2 years, many new camel dairying plans are chalked out in different regions but the main boost was seen in the Arabian Peninsula and the Horn of Africa (mainly Kenya). Also, new camel milk products are introduced in the market in Mongolia, China Kazakhstan, Iran, India, and some Western countries like Australia.
We can say that especially under the COVID-19: demand for camel milk grows from Kazakhstan to Kenya and from Australia to Europe and North America.
A camel milk entrepreneur from Kenya reported that up to 20% rise in demand for camel milk during COVID-19 and lockdown – especially home deliveries – as more consumers shift from cow to camel milk, to help boost immunity. Known for its anti-inflammatory, strong protective proteins, anti-microbial and nutritious value; parents seek camel milk for children.
Pre-COVID, the global camel milk products market was valued at USD 10.2 billion in 2019, with an estimated 3 million tons of camel milk officially sold and consumed around the world. But true production levels could be double that, at 5-6 million tons per year; as around 70% of camel milk is consumed by camel owners and never reaches the market.
I’m working with camels for the last 15 years and very much convinced that the camel is a true and sustainable dairy animal. The most important message over here is that the camel dairy must be promoted and developed as the camel dairy, not an HS model. The wellbeing and welfare of the camel must be kept in notice while establishing a camel dairy unit. Some camels are producing a very high volume of milk and the others are comparatively very low but we can manage a thick average from both extremes.
The importance and interest in WCD are ever-increasing each year and many new stakeholders are coming into the ring to celebrate. It is a pleasure that the interest of the people is increasing in camels and camels related aspects. The main reason for attraction for the camel is the milk which is considered a unique and magical food and each year the number of camel milk consumers is increasing.
I’m going to share some important reports regarding the WCD celebration in 2020 to briefly highlight the importance of this day among the camel stakeholders. Such celebrations were made in different parts of the world and there were many online conferences which I attended and deliver key note speaches. This year, many meetings are in the WCD programs and I’m invited to talk over there about the importance of camel and the launch of the WCD.
22nd OF JUNETHE CELEBRATION DAY OF THE CAMEL
Since 2014, she has been traveling along the Silk Road, the same one taken by ancestors of the past. All these explorers adventured in the discovery of this amazing world, traveling by camel, crossing these vast spaces, exchanging their knowledge, creating links, and writing our history.
She participated in the King Abdulaziz Camel Festival on the invitation of the Camel Club. She wrote this interesting report about the festival and especially emphasized the WCD.
She writes “The International Day for Camels is celebrated on 22nd of June every year. The following details elaborate on the way this day is celebrated by several major governmental departments in Saudi Arabia. Camels are one of the most miraculous creatures on earth. God asked us to think about their creation before thinking about the creation of the sky, the mountains, and the earth. These animals deserve all the interests, studies, and support because the information acquired will benefit future generations for their progress and research.”https://www.annaaiko.com/post/world-camel-day
Dr. Muhammad Younas, Head of the Camel Association of Pakistan
She has given special emphasis on the camel’s welfare and wellbeing. She is very sensitive with a kind soul. She wanted to highlight the issues related to the camels’ wellbeing and comfort. She writes “They are frequently subject to miserable lives in small enclosures and beaten into submission with sticks and forced to walk in blistering heat without water or food. Many tour operators insert pegs through camels’ noses to enable them to be trained and controlled more easily.”
According to the information available on the website of Camel Connections, they claim that;
Camel Connection unites camel owners, want-to-be owners, carers & lovers and helps them become Camel Confident & Camel Connected in all aspects of camels.
We teach people how to communicate with and care for camels through our online camel training course & our Cameleer Academy where CamelConnection is at the core of everything we teach.
We’ve had people from all walks of life learn about camels with us: from Medical Doctors & Business Executives to Zoo Keepers & Hobby Farmers (and everything in between
Whatever your camel goal/idea/dream is we can help you, just like we’ve helped others!
Everything we teach about camels comes from a place of connection, compassion & a deep understanding of camel psychology (and biology thanks to our dedicated Camel Connection, Camel Vet)!
The topic of the WCD; 3 Camel Myths – Busted!
They have told the world about the 3 myths related to the camels. IT’S WORLD CAMEL DAY – yes an actual day dedicated to camels, how cool is that? It’s a really cool thing for us here at Camel Connection HQ – a whole day dedicated to the CAMEL, although if truth be told…. It’s not much different from every other day (who’s complaining)!
22nd of June is World Camel Day. The day was designed to give recognition to the fact that camels are very important creatures to many people around the world. Most people rely on camels for their own survival (like us! they have stolen our hearts and taken over our lives – surely that counts)!
World camel day: As tourists stay away from Odisha beaches, owners abandon camels
This sad story was reported under the banner of WCD that the camel/s are left abandoned in India. Indican camel keepers are under serious threat as the camel is losing its economic value because of many reasons.
“Desperate efforts are on in Rajasthan to arrest the sharp decline in the population of its state animal, the camel. Last month, a cabinet sub-committee made recommendations to end what Arushi Malik, special secretary, animal husbandry, called a “sort of inspector and permit raj” brought on by the Rajasthan Camel (Prohibition of Slaughter and Regulation of Temporary Migration or Export) Act, 2015, which had linked the trade, transport, and deaths of camels to their slaughter and criminal prosecution. In a knee-jerk reaction, the then BJP government had given “holy cow status” to the camel, blaming its slaughter for meat as the sole reason for the decline in population over the years.”https://www.indiatoday.in/magazine/special-report/story/20210510-declining-camel-population-in-rajasthan-1796990-2021-05-01
She was a well-known cameleer, camel queen, explorer, mountaineer, and adventurer, Mongolian dress designer, nature lover, and soulful camel friend. Baigalmaa Baikal Norjmaa, better known for her project Steppes To The West, traversing from Mongolia to the United Kingdom died in a tragic fire accident yesterday (15 May 2021).
Due to corona lockdowns, she wrote that she is feeling suffocated in the lockdown situation. She arranged a traditional Mongolian tent GER and shifted there to walk with the camels, feel free in the fresh air and explore the beauty of nature. She shifted there and the very first night the GER caught fire due to unknown reasons and got serious burn injuries and couldn’t survive.
Our thoughts and prayers are with her mother, husband, daughters, extended family, and friends. We had chatted online on numerous occasions and materialized zoom conferences regarding the camels as a lifeline for nomads.
I was just scrolling through her messages on WhatsApp and thinking of her aims, visions, motives, and kindness. We don’t know when life comes to an end. Love your family, make that visit to friends happen and send a prayer for Baigalmaa Baikal Norjmaa.
Camel is the richest among all animals with different names. Joseph Freiherr von Hammer-Purgstall, a great eighteenth-century Orientalist, collected 5,774 words for camel and camel-related features and paraphernalia. There are at least thirty different words for camel milk. Yes, then why we use cow terminology for the camel?
Here is the Saddest Side
The camel terminology is mainly derived from a cow/cattle production system in English, which is a wrong approach. I’m giving you food for thought to reconsider and re-establish camel’s terminology. As the camel was domesticated, evolved, and managed for centuries in Arabian Peninsula, the best terminology will be the one used in that region.
Some Interesting Names of the Camel
Arabic has over 100 words for ‘camel’ which at one point had as many as 1,000 words. ‘Al-Jafool,’ for example is a camel that is frightened by anything and ‘al-harib’ is a female camel that walks ahead of the other camels.
My friend from Turkey, Dr. Atakan Koc Koç (animal scientist) wrote some details to me explaining somehow the details of camel wrestling in Turkey.
He writes as; We also have a similar tradition for more than 200 years in Turkey. But we call it “Camel Wrestling”, not fighting. The procedure of wrestling is elaborated in the following bullets.
First of all, wrestling takes place under the supervision of the referee and assistants.
Secondly, before wrestling, camels have their mouths tied so that they do not hurt each other, so they are not allowed to suffer.
Thirdly, wrestling only takes 10 minutes. If one does not dominate the other, it ends in a draw. Most wrestling ends in draws anyway. If it is understood that one camel is superior to the other, wrestling is terminated.
Fourth, 30-40 thousand people come to watch wrestling in some places. They watch wrestling in a picnic setting. The whole family comes and joins the wrestling.
Wrestling is usually held on Sunday. At least 50-60 wrestling/games are played. Camels are matched according to their wrestling style. They can do a lot of different wrestling games.
The evening before the wrestling day, a dinner party called “Carpet Night” is organized, and the wrestling camel owners participate in this entertainment. A social event for wrestling camel owners.
They come and join wrestling 350-400 km far from the wrestling place. It is strictly forbidden to give any doping substance or performance enhancer to make their camels win.
There are camel wrestling associations where wrestling camel owners are members.
The camel wrestling association has organized a wrestling federation. The federation is responsible for the organization of camel wrestling, the assignment of referees and their assistants, as well as servants.
Camel wrestling is also a symbol of love for camels
Animal rights advocates do object, and rightly so in their own right. In fact, wrestling camels are very well cared for and fed. However, most camels will have to be slaughtered if camel wrestling is banned. Like a member of the family. There are even those who bury them in a suitable place when they die and some of them built graves. As a result, not camels are not allowed to fight, they are allowed to wrestle in Turkey.
Camel wrestling attracts thousands of local people and tourists each year in Turkey and provides a great opportunity of recreation to the people and a way of camel conservation in the country as I always quoted ‘Utilization is the best conservation’.
The CaM antibodies are several times smaller than those produced by other animals including humans. Recently discovered ‘nanobodies,’ can enter tissues and cells that other antibodies cannot. They can even interfere with enzyme binding sites, contributing to camels’ remarkable disease resistance. Their size and ability make them potentially valuable in biomedical research (diagnosis) on a broad range of diseases including cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, and atherosclerosis.
Lactoferrins, immunoglobulins and iron – binding glycoprotein
Studies have shown that camel milk works to combat and eradicate cancer cells (HepG2-MCF7) because camel milk contains high levels of lactoferrins, immunoglobulins, and iron-binding glycoprotein. These components act as antitumors and which happens through increasing RNA synthesis and the inhibition of protein kinases and differentiation.
Lactoperoxidase & Peptidoglycan in Camel Milk
The camel milk contains lactoperoxidase which possesses anti-tumor activity. Inclusion of peptidoglycan recognition protein in the milk was firstly found in camel milk which can fight breast cancer by taking over metastasis.
Camel Milk Nanobodies Pass Untouched to the Intestines
A tenth of the size of human antibodies thus acts as natural nanobodies, camel antibodies can grasp their targets just as human antibodies. The antibodies remain active when passing through the stomach. This is due to the fact that camel milk proteins do not precipitate in the stomach so they pass untouched into the intestines.
Camel milk saves you from the complex health challenges
Arab loves their Camels and Using a wide Vocabulary
Joseph Freiherr von Hammer-Purgstall, a great eighteenth-century Orientalist, collected 5,774 words for camel and camel-related features and paraphernalia. Many of the terms he collected were poetical metaphors.17 But, for example, there really are at least thirty different words for camel milk.
The Love needs more Words to Express
As a personal note, I have an experience that the thing you love the most, you call that with many and different names. There are many names for the loved one, the kids and the animals, etc. It reveals that the camel keepers love their camel/s and they prioritize camels among the animals and even the family members.
There are 11 words for ‘love’ in Arabic, with each conveying a different stage in a relationship or the falling in love process. These words include ‘Hawa’ which is the initial attraction towards or turning towards and ‘Hayam which is blind love and the complete loss of reason. The most common words for love are ‘Hubb’ which means ‘seed’ and ‘Qalb’ which means ‘heart.’
In the field of camel husbandry, camel terminology is mainly derived from a cow/cattle production system in English, which is a wrong approach. I’m giving you food for thought to reconsider and re-establish camel’s terminology.
An Arab friend of mine told me that the camel saved generations of people in the world’s driest ecosystems for centuries. The camel pastoralists were used to walk with their camels, drinking their milk with the dried dates.
What Ibne Khaldun Says?
Ibne Khaldun says “before Islam, the tribe of Mudar used to eat a portion of food made from the grounded wool (crushed with stone) of camels cooked in the blood named as IHLIZ اهلز”
In times of extreme drought or famine, it’s possible rules that religion may normally ban may be relaxed to ensure survival. In parts of east Africa in drought time people used to have to cut up, grind up and boil the camel and cattle skins they used as sleeping mats in order to survive.
Dr. Piers Simpkin, the honorable member of the camel4life advocacy group
Camel Skin and Hair are Sometimes Edible
A colleague of our camel advocacy group “Tumal from Oronto of Gabbara Pastoralists” told that; Around the year 1936, there was a serious drought in Northern Kenya, locally known as “Olla Qolaji” Olla- is drought Qolaji- dry poor cowhide. Hence Pastoralists Herders roasted cowhides from collapsed animals due to severe drought. My dad moved from Maikona in Marsabit County to Magado currently (350Kms) in Isiolo County- those days called Northern Frontier Districts by the Colonial government. Camels’ hides are roasted during food shortages in those days because it retains oil layers.
In some cultures, the camel pastoralists eat raw hump. Some communities even open the hump of the living camel, cut the hump, and sew the skin again. They eat the hump fats as raw food to subside their hunger. Drinking the camel’s blood from a living camel is still quite common in some camel pastoralists’ communities, especially in Africa.