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Climate Change Adaptation Natural Health and Camel Milk The Camel and Climate Change Uncategorized

Camel! A One in All Creatures

One can imagine, how distinctive and special can be the gift of God. The Bedouin gives name Ata Allah (gift of God), hence considered as precious and matchless. Nevertheless, of its products, camels’ physiology, and behavior is specially designed to survive in harsh conditions of its habitat and sustain the livelihood of its keepers in climate change scenario. Camel has all the characteristics which are otherwise scattered in all the other known and useful animals. The following table shows the importance of camel if compared to other livestock species. Livestock vs camel. Every product of camel is useful, even urine (traditionally used for medicinal conditions like the ear infection, water belly and some kinds of dermatitis) and dung are valuable.Camels’ Manure~From Waste to a Worthwhile Farming Agent

camel picThe long bones of camel are very attractive for nomads’ women and use for making jewelry. The camel rearing communities have very firm links with camel culture and consider this special creature as part and parcel of their heritage and culture.

Camel is full of qualities and strange abilities. The author has tried to compile some of the special attributes known to humankind so for. The attributes are grouped in main subjects and given in numeric order.

Potential and Availability of Camel Milk (CM)

  • Camel is the only livestock species which was originally domesticated for milk; God gifted the camel to Prophet Saleh (PBUH) for milk only, almost 3500 BC.
  • Camel is the only animal of dry lands which can produce up to 40-liter milk per day (some specimens are recorded) in ordinary grazing conditions. Such high yielding specimens are found in Sub-continent, Arabian Peninsula, Africa and other parts of the dromedary camels’ habitats.
  • It is the most efficient animal in milk production on per unit feed/water consumption basis, i.e. a cow in rangelands conditions needs 9.1 kg of dry matter feed to produce one liter of milk, while camel produces one liter of milk by consuming only 1.9 kg of dry matter feed in the same conditions.
  • The lengthy days without water couldn’t depress the camel’s milk quantity or quality. The milk becomes even more watery during the period of water scarcity to fulfill the water requirements of thirsty suckling calves.
  • Camels’ lactation ranges from 9 to 18 month and produces up to 12,000 liters/lactation.

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CM is Natural Pharmacy

  1. A Superfood

A gift of nature and gold of desert, the camel milk (CM) is miraculously proving as a superfood. Because of the appreciable level and unique combination of nutrients (minerals, vitamins, protein, and fatty acids etc.). CM has medicinal properties covering a wide range of ailments like autoimmune diseases, allergies, asthma, rashes, diabetes, liver disorders, rheumatism, inflammatory conditions, piles, urethral irritation, infectious diseases, stress/depression, peptic ulcers and even cancer. The nomads/Bedouins have a long history of experience while healing such diseases with the CM. The manifolds enriched levels of minerals (potassium, magnesium, iron, copper, manganese, sodium and zinc) than cow milk, making it a real superfood.

2. An Attraction for Mature people

Camel milk is used as the aphrodisiac, especially in the stressful conditions of the dry hot weather. The appealing level of Nanobodies in CM making it very special tonic for making the mood. As well as CM is a nervine tonic and helps in good eyesight. The pastoral people depending on camel milk rarely get weak eyesight.

3. A Beauty Tonic

The content of niacin (Vitamin B3) in camel milk is remarkably higher than in cow milk. Vitamin B3 supports the function of the digestive system, skin, and nerves, and improves circulation making it a beauty and health tonic. Camel milk contains five times more vitamin C compared to cow milk. Vitamin C is anti-infectious and is very important for human health, especially in dry and deserted areas.Displaying DSC_0133.jpg

4. Full Stop to Diabetes

Camel milk contains insulin-like protein and is therefore used to treat Diabetes mellitus. Such insulin is capsulated in fats molecules which cannot be denatured (does not coagulate easily because of fat coating) in the acidic medium of a stomach. Such property of Camel milk enhances protein absorption.A study of the anti-diabetic agents of camel milk

5. Ensures Super immune system

The wonderful protein of CM (protective amino acids and immunoglobulin) is a booster of the immune system and nutritional advantages for brain development. CM contains 25-30 times as much lactoferrin as cow milk. Lactoferrin is a fairly recently discovered iron-containing protein that has been shown to have antiviral, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and anti-carcinogenic effects. Therefore, a combination of lactoferrin (bactericidal and iron-binding properties) and lysozyme (an enzyme which catalyzes the destruction of the cell walls of certain bacteria) ensure super immune system. A recent study revealed that camel milk has anti-genotoxic (prevent toxification in gene and prevent mutation) and anti-cytotoxic (prevent toxification in the cell). The Nanobodies play an incredible role in this regard.Superfood (Camel Milk) can Beat the Challenge of Superbug (Bacterial Resistance to Antibiotics)

6. A Dedication to the children

Children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) responding positively after therapy that included camel milk. The low quantity of beta casein and the lack of beta-lactoglobulin are linked to the hypo-allergic effects of camel milk. Because of the low lactose content, it does not cause lactose intolerance problem in infants. CM has 100 times more D-Lactate as compared to cow milk. D-Lactate is very health promising contrary to L-lactate which is toxic and causes an allergy found in cows’ milk. Camel milk can be the best replacement of infant food after the mother’s breast because of its child-friendly lactose.Camels’ Milk Miracle for Autistic Patients

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Christina Adam is a living story of treating her autistic son with camel milk

 

7. The Bucket of Healthy Fatty Acids

Camels’ milk fat contains the much higher concentration of long-chained fatty acids (C 14 – C 18) than short-chained fatty acids and is, therefore, healthier. The Omega 3 and Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) is even more important among the other fatty acids. CM has 3 times more Omega 3 and CLA than naturally grazing cows’ milk. Such compounds are attracting young generations to be kept healthy and attractive.Easy Understandable But Important Features of Camel Milk

8. Camel Milk Inhibits Colon Cancer Cells’ Growth

A study revealed that camel milk lactoferrin showed very remarkable results in inhibition of the growth of the colon cell cancer (HCT-116). Lactoferrin has great potential and works as a magic. Camel Milk Inhibits Growth of Colon Cancer Cells

Camel Meat is Special

  1. Camel meat is healthier as they produce carcasses with less fat as well as having fewer levels of cholesterol in fat than other meat animals.
  2. Camel meat is also relatively high in polyunsaturated fatty acid in comparison to beef. This is an important factor in reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease.
  3. Camel meat is also used for remedial purposes for diseases such as hyperacidity, hypertension, pneumonia and respiratory disease as well as an aphrodisiac.
  4. Camels reach live weights of about 650 kg at 7–8 years of age and produce carcass weights ranging from 125 to 400 kg with dressing-out percentage values from 55% to 70%. Camel carcasses contain about 57% muscle, 26% bone and 17% fat.
  5. Camel lean meat contains about 77% water, 19% protein, 2.8% fat, and 1.2% ash with a small amount of intramuscular fat, which renders it a healthy food for humans.
  6. Camel meat has been described as raspberry red to dark brown in color and the fat of the camel meat is white.
  7. The amino acid and mineral contents of camel meat are often higher than beef, probably due to lower intramuscular fat levels.
  8. Camel meat has been processed into burgers, patties, sausages and shawarma to add value.
  9. Because of its low cholesterol content, Australia’s National Heart Foundation has put camel meat on its list of highly recommended food items. “Camburgers” and “camfurters” are among the products that have been produced by a team of scientists around Prof. Farah at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology.

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    A tribal Baloch is a traditional rider.

Camel has Great Ride and Unique Training Ability

  1. The ears are small but have a great power of hearing. Camel can hear and understand the voice of its header from a long distance.
  2. The camels are regarded as the most intelligent animals and can find out their way in the desert when there are no signs of the road.
  3. Camels can travel many days without feed or water. In the kind of terrain, I like to ride in, this is a very important factor.
  4. A traveler can continue the journey without bothering too much about the feed and water. Camel eats each and everything when tired and hungry.
  5. The long muscular legs allow camels to cover great distances, they walk up to 40 km per day with 200 to 300 kg of baggage.
  6. Camel is better as riding animal than the horse. They are quieter and gentler than horses.
  7. Camels seem smarter than horses about getting themselves out of a precarious situation. If a horse gets tangled up in a rope, it may struggle violently and get rope burns (or worse). A tangled up camel will, after briefly testing the bonds, sit quietly and figure out what to do next.
  8. Camels can carry more weight than horses. Also, a well-designed camel saddle has more room to carry whatever extra gear you are packing than a horse saddle has.
  9. Riding a camel is quiet and peaceful (that is, once the camel is well trained enough that it no longer grumbles along the way). Camel’s slipper-like feet make hardly any noise. Without the clip-clop of hooves, you can hear the wind sighing in the brush, the rustle of autumn leaves, a coyote howl in the distance on a moonlight ride.
  10. The camel gets in high spirits to the tune of music and songs and it walks faster in spite of being tired.
  11. The camels are the most disciplined and obedient creatures. They and can be ordered to sit or stand again and again and can walk in a row silently behind the leading man, woman or even a child.
  12. The camel is a unique beast of burden, which is loaded in sitting position and gets up with a jerk of its long neck.
  13. Camels do not need to be shod. The cost of shoeing horses can really add up! Furthermore, camels don’t usually colic like horses do, although they occasionally bloat.
  14. There is a certain pride in riding a well-trained camel. It is a sign of prestige for camel owner to ride and travel on a mehari camel.

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    Going back to the mountains from a camel gathering of socio-economic interest

Disease Resistance Trait of Camel Making its Products Residue Free 

  1. Camel is resistant to ticks diseases. A load of more than 100 ticks on camel body cannot affect camel health and production.
  2. White Kohi camel is called as Syed by its herders as; having high potential to resist fly bite disease (Trypanosomiasis) The disease register of the camel is quite short (very few fatal diseases are reported in camel).
  3. Camel is resistant to many notorious diseases like foot and mouth disease, mad cow disease (BSE) and Brucellosis etc.
  4. No clinical FMD is reported in camels from any part of the world.
  5. MERS has nothing with the camel as the vector but a tool of misinformation and propaganda.

Camel’s Unique Physiology 

The Browsing Beast

  1. The camel has a large mouth, with 34 sharp teeth. They enable the animal to eat rough thorny bushes without damaging the lining of its mouth.
  2. Camel can eat everything (bark, dates seed, salty mud, and even paper) when there is the scarcity of feed, while in good feeding conditions, it does prefer protein rich diet.
  3. The long flexible neck and legs save it from ground heat and give an easy approach to tall trees for browsing. Camel can browse at 3.5 m above the ground.
  4. The upper lip of the mouth has a cut in the middle. The flaps of the upper lip help in catching the twigs (thin shoots of the trees and bushes).
  5. The formation of the mouth is such that there are long conical papillae on the inside of the cheeks directed backward and the camel can browse at the thorny plants without any harm.
  6. The canine teeth help the camel to take into grip the twigs. Such kind of teeth is not found in other ruminants.
  7. The soft palate is developed and comes out on one side of the mouth like a red hanging bladder. This happens usually in rutting (breeding) seasons.

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    A strong Kohi camel in Suleiman Mountainous Region of Pakistan

Beast of Dryness and Water Economy

  1. Camel has a well-developed power to smell especially water sources. They can smell water 50 miles away by smelling geosmin which is a fragrance produced by streptomyces species growing in the dumped soil.
  2. Under very hot conditions, the camel may drink only every 8-10 days and loose up to 30% of its live body weight through dehydration. Other animals die at 10% live body loss through dehydration.
  3. Camel urinates less than 1 liter of urine per day in hot summer days. In the period of water scarcity, camel urinates a semi-liquid substance like syrup.
  4. Oval shape erythrocytes (instead of round in other animals) expand up to 200% their normal size as camels drink rapidly an amount of 190 liters of water in 10-15 minutes.
  5. Camel can store water in its all body compartments (intracellular, extracellular, blood and digestive tract etc). Every organ has the extraordinary capacity to store water.
  6. They can live without water for 3 days in summer and 7 days in winter. However, there are some examples of this animal remaining without water for 20 to 40 days. After 40 days the camel goes blind due to excessive dehydration.
  7. A camel can vary body temperature up to 6.7 Cº, having a great endurance power to stand the scorching heat. Camel even absorbs heat in the day time by increasing body temperature and dissipates it in the cool night, this way the camel conserves water.
  8. The well-developed hump is full of fat that serves as a store of water and food at the time of starvation. The fat of hump gets dissolved gradually during starvation and collects again at the time the camel gets adequate water and feed.

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    The Kharani breed of camel in Kharan deserted steepe in Balochistan

Prince of Sand and Ship of the Desert

  1. The flat pads of the feet are horny and cushioned and help the camel to walk on the sand without making any sound while the feet of other animals sink into the sand. Due to this quality, the camel has been given the name as the “ship of the desert“.
  2. Camel’s feet are soft and friendly to vegetation. The hooves of the cow or small ruminants are more aggressive to the soil and contribute more often to the degradation of the pastures in a case of overgrazing.
  3. The chest pad helps the animal to take rest on it while sitting on the ground. The rest of the body is saved from the concussion against the ground. There are other pads at the knee and half joint and in front of the joint of thighs. These prevent the limbs from the concussion against the ground.
  4. The spines of all vertebrates of the thoracic region are long & high and make the hump, which is more developed than all other Brahman cattle. Very special designed to be a useful animal in the desert.
  5. Camel has prominent eyes with a wide range of vision. They are protected by an overhanging upper lid with long eyelashes, which protect the eyeballs from powerful rays of the sun.
  6. The upper lip of the mouth has a cut in the middle enable the nostrils to cover to keep out the sand and dust at the time of dust storms.

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    The genius camel are enjoying the sand and the sun shine in winter. A snap from Arabian desert in UAE

Masculine Vulnerability-Paradox is Exceptional in Camels

  1. Bull is the main symbol of reproductive efficiency and very active in breeding season (camel is seasonal breeder and usually male shows sign of rut)
  2. The Bull urinates in gush while standing and urine goes back in between the hind legs and falls on the ground. Its refresh the femoral vein and decrease the heart temperature for water economy. This enables the animal to save itself from slipping in its urine.
  3. Another typical sign is a notably and profuse secretion of the poll glands of the neck, which contains androgen concentration similar to blood
  4.  The soft palate is filled with the air and a big red ball (dulla) is pumped out to attract the female, a very special behavior of camel bull.

    bull

Camel is still Hiding from the Eyes of Policy Makers

Besides all its attributes, camel is always considered as the beast of remotes and neglected among the policy makers. Its share is never praised and no visible effort has been done for its development. A camel can be a good tool in the global environmental changing scenario and food insecurity situation to provide food and livelihood to million of the people in the drylands of the world. Camels are very much under threat and up to 25 % of the camels are vanished in South and Central Asia, India. This decline is mainly because of the faulty national and regional policies resulting in restriction of historical routes and grazing lands. In recent years due to climate change, many challenging health issues are also causing threats to camels’ survival as this field is very dark and neglected. Only in the year 2010, thousands of camels were dead because of a fatal respiratory disease in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India. This fatal disease comes time to time to eliminate numerous camel without being noticed by the health authorities of the concerned regions. Besides of many cries by the author and other friends, no positive response was attracted so far. A silver lining in the clouds is the organization of an advocacy group (Camels4Life) of like-minded people to work for the cause of camels’ keepers and to give them the proper place at a policy level and development projects application. I hereby appeal the national governments and international bodies like FAO, IFAD and other organization to give proper place to a camel in R&D sector of the agriculture.Al Ain doctor sees potential in camels beyond their milk

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General about camel The Camel Milk (CaM)

How do you see the Future of Camel Milk and its Business?

The demand for camel milk increased manifold over the last 15 years, two main drivers are behind this rise; 1. Processing of CaM and awareness about the CaM.
Camel milk is a proven immune booster and anti-infectious along with other important healing properties. Presently the first role is very important because of the COVID19 issue. We expect a sharp rise in the demand for the CaM, but practically, the sale of the CaM shrank and couldn’t sustain its pace compared to last years (2018-2019).
This is a real question, why the demand or the flow declined? I table this question before you and wait for your technical answer. In my point of view, this decline is because of the logistic complications following the negative propaganda linking COVID19 and the MERS altogether.
Waiting and looking forward

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Camel in European Countries

Local ecotourism as an economic niche for endangered camel breeds’ conservation

Camels are exotic elements, which can be comprised of adventure travel companies promoting ecotourism activities. Such recreations contribute to sustainable livelihoods for local communities and educational empowerment towards nature and its conservation. At present, some local camel breeds’ survival reduces to this animal-based leisure industry and its reliability to perform and promote customized services accurately.

For centuries, Canarian camels participated in multiple agricultural labors, military operations, and a beast of burden at short and long distances. According to historical chronicles, the opening of island ports to Atlantic traffic in the late 1800s led to the evolvement of an active tourism network that completely changed the functional destination of these animals in the islands a few decades later. The mechanization of agricultural works and transportation means from the last third of the 20th century made its census suffer a dramatic reduction in rural areas and being this species progressively adapted to the transport of tourists instead. Fortunately, tourism rise and expansion in the 1990s resulted in population recovery. Since then, these animals have a cardinal role in the tourism industry, which is the principal income source for local camel breeders apart from the European Union live animal market. Other emerging but still minoritarian productive niches of this breed, which lack phenotypic characterization and selection programs, are milk, meat, and wool.

The current census of this camel breed is estimated at 1200 individuals, and it is included in the Spanish Official Catalogue of Livestock as an endangered autochthonous breed since 2012 by the Order AAA/251/2012 of the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. As it constitutes the only Spanish and European traditional camel population, this distinctive breed deserves functional revaluation for selective breeding with conservation purposes. With this objective, an in-depth assessment of camel tourism dimensions is fully required given its far-iconic tourism attractiveness.

By conducting an on-site questionnaire to customers participating in camelback riding tours, researchers from Cordoba (Spain) assessed the motivational factors affecting participation, satisfaction, and loyalty in this tourism segment that may have made it socially differentiated. The sixfold combination of staff performance, culture geography, diverse and humane close interaction, camel behavior and performance, sociotemporal context, and positive previous experience involves the elemental dimensions that explain customer satisfaction and return intention probability within this entertainment business.

This applied research is the first holistic approach in this applied-research field. Customer knowledge is essential for stakeholders to build personalized riding experiences and align profits with environmental sustainability and biodiversity mainstream concerns into their everyday operations. In turn, domestic camel tourist rides could be managed as a viable path to nature conservation by helping endangered local breeds to avoid their functional devaluation and potential extinction.

Carlos Iglesias

Ph.D. candidate, Department of Genetics, University of Cordoba, 14014 Cordoba, SpainResearchGate: Carlos Iglesias PastranaSkype: Carlos Iglesias Pastrana
Phone number: +34 638 196 505

Categories
Camel Milk and Natural Health Camel Milk for Health

IMPORTANCE OF CAMEL MILK FOR HUMAN HEALTH

Camel milk is known in Asia and Africa for 5000 years for its benefits for human health. Therefore, it is not only consumed as food, but also a remedy. Many studies have reported, that camel milk has a very high concentration of mono-and polyunsaturated fatty acids, serum albumin, lactoferrin, immunoglobulin’s, vitamins C, and E, lysozyme, manganese, and iron, as well as the hormone insulin. Therefore, camel milk can be prescribed as a remedy for many human illnesses. It has been proven as a useful application in the stomach and intestinal disorders, Diabetes-1, food allergy. In addition, camel milk has been used to reduce cholesterol levels in the blood, to avoid psoriasis disease, to heal inflammation in the body, to assist patients with tuberculosis, helping to strengthen the human immune system, to reduce growth the of cancer cells, and to cure autism. Even the patient can benefit from the biological factors in camel milk, it must be consumed raw, fresh, and free of pathogens after a good machine milking. These potential health benefits of camel milk should be further study.

To read the whole article, please go to the link; https://www.ejfa.me/index.php/journal/article/view/1024

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Camel Milk for Health The Camel Milk (CaM)

Fresh, Pasteurized, or Powder; How to use the Camel Milk?

The camel milk is really a great combination of very healthy and supermolecules, support our natural and balanced health. http://camel4all.info/index.php/about/camel4milk/

Which Type of CaM should be Used?

  • The fresh CaM is the best but should come from healthy (screened from Brucellosis, TB, and other zoonotic diseases) camels and harvested in a very hygienic environment.
  • Such milk should be used within 1 hour or up to 3 hours if stored at room temperature. For longer shelf life, should be stored below 5 Celcius for 5 days.
  • If any sort of doubt on the health of the camel/s or the milking environments, then the milk must be pasteurized.
  • Infield conditions put the milk in a metal pot on a light flame and stir continuously. After you see the steam evaporating from the milk, put a drop or 2 on your hand, if it burns the skin then stop heating and keep the pot at room temperature until it becomes lukewarm. I call such milk as the flash pasteurized.
  • Flash pasteurized CaM can be used within 5 hours or can be chilled at a temperature below 5 Celcius. Such chilled pasteurized milk can be used for 7 days.
  • If one has access to the commercially available pasteurized, UHT, or powdered milk, it is safe and healthy to be used.
  • My friend Mike from Malasia (a camel milk advocate and user) says that CaM powder can be extraordinary. Few families who are using it seeing changing results as early as 2 weeks.
  • The powder processing is different from the freeze-drying process. It’s all about delta temperature exposed versus exposed time factor. Similar to flash pasteurize versus longer time at lower temperature pasteurization.
  • Similar concept like you have a balloon where you put it into a room that’s 150°C for 5 seconds versus the same balloon where you put into a room that’s 50°C for 15 minutes. Which 🎈will burst 💥 first? The same explanation applies to CaM processing in both pasteurization and powdering.
  • The °C delta vs time delta factor also applies to the freeze-drying process. Furthermore, the sudden change of vacuum pressure in the freeze-drying process will change the structure of the compounds in CaM. Similar explanation as 🎈.
  • Sudden kPa change will 💥 the 🎈 but slow kPa change will not 💥. It got to do with the elasticity of the 🎈rubber layer. Apply to CaM compounds/molecules. e.g. fat, protein, etc.
  • I believe the same arguments apply to ice cream processing too. You can get soft creamy ice cream or ice cream that tastes like frozen ice/water in it.

Categories
Camel Breed Camel in India and Pakistan General about camel

My Personal Beautiful Camels~ White Kohi

Balochistan is home to different and multipurpose camel breeds, productive and beautiful. I love all types of camels but the white Kohi breed is very close to my heart.
Kohi camel is found in northeastern Balochistan. It produces up to 10 kg of milk per day with a lactation length of 8 months. I have few Kohi camels back in Balochistan, they are special and unique.
you can find some beautiful camels below.

She is pregnant of 9 months. We hope she will give birth a very beautiful white calf.
Beautiful male calf of 9 months age.

In a live video message, I appealed to the people in Balochistan to come back to the camel culture. Keep the camel instead of an exotic cow for milk. It has many benefits both for the environment and the expenses.

You can read further about the White Kohi camel breed in the following links. The Kohi mean mountainous, this is a mountainous breed and found in Suleiman region of Balochistan Pakistan.

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Camel in Australia

The Camel Milk is a Hope for a Sustainable Camel Development in Australia

Behind the Australian Camels

I’m behind the Australian camels for the last 15 years. I’m a witness of very sad and happy news about the feral camels of Australia. A recent post tells the insight of the camel dairy development in the country. There is good hope, I think it will develop the camel business very sustainably. Though the development is still very slow and steady it will provide a strong base for a camel business in the future.

The Feral Camels Provide the Base

Most camel farmers in Australia start their herds by capturing wild camels from the outback or rescuing culled animals destined for an abattoir, helping control a feral population that is increasing about 8 percent a year.

AgriFutures Australia estimates the local camel milk industry produced about 180,000 liters in 2019, up from 50,000 three years ago. Globally most camel milk production is in the Middle East and North Africa but Australian farmers have a strategic advantage because our camels are free of a disease common elsewhere.

The link to the post is here. https://www.smh.com.au/business/small-business/the-new-goat-milk-camel-milk-finds-favour-among-health-conscious-consumers-20191223-p53mfr.html

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Camel Milk for Health

Camel Milk is the Best Choice

If Available, the camel milk should be the only choice as a dairy product

If not available easily, the should be the only replacement after the cow milk for lactose intolerant people as camel milk is free of intolerant lactose

Camel milk is free of CMAP (cow milk allergin proteins), so the people with CMAP can happily take the camel milk

All white fluids coming from the veg, fruit, or nuts extractions are not milked as the milk is only synthesized in the mammary gland of a living animal

Take a glass of camel milk daily, enjoy your health, vigor, stamina, and happiness

The camel is really a unique creature

https://www.instagram.com/ark.raziq/

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Ecosystem Management

Grazing Livestock can Eliminate the Fire Hazards in the Forests

This time of the year, there are forest fires in California and other regions of the USA. There are many theories analyzing the situation and recommending some unique ideas to be implemented for the control of the losses from the havoc blazes. As an experienced ethnoecologist and animal scientist, I’m pretty sure that grazing livestock can save our forests from the fire. As an example, the camel can clean the forests up to 10 feet in height. The sheep and cattle can clean the grasses. The goats can eat the bushes and shrubs.

The fire spread on the ground and creep through dried grasses and bushes. Sonoma County, California, USA

This will have a very positive symbiotic impact on the ecosystem and there will be healthy animals and healthy forests. The microflora in camel manure enriches the microbiome diversity in the vegetation which ultimately impacts the rumen biome of the other livestock grazing in the same ecosystem. The livestock manure is 10 times better in soil fertility richness and home to many beneficial microorganisms.

camel can browse up to a height of 100 feet

According to my philosophy which I have learned from nature, if livestock grazing is allowed in the forests, there will be no fire. I’m 100% sure of that. The bushes, grass, and shrubs get to fire first because they are closest to the soil and their dried out leaves get fire and spread in the forest. The grazing animals can clean such close to the soil plants 3 or more times a year and the hazard of the fire will be minimum or even nil. The other benefits are the enriching the soil fertility and diversifying both the floral and faunal biodiversity.

The trees are trimed at a certain height (almost 10 feet) by the camels.

Jeni Ahmet wrote to me that “this philosophy will certainly work in Australia, it would be a great help if implemented. Last summer Australia burned in the most horrendous fires in history. All-access to forests for livestock and people has been banned for a number of years resulting in a massive build-up of fuel. Catastrophic fires were the result and the loss of billions of lives of wildlife – including our iconic koalas – burned alive 

But Cyndy McCurdy stresses using the right kind of livestock. Hard Hooved grazers do a lot of damage to the Australian Landscape but soft-footed browsers are ok and they eat weeds. But I would not agree with this approach. All type of livestock is the right livestock, only overgrazing should be avoided. The livestock hooves help in softening the soil and help in germinating the seeds. Some seeds need to be soaked and passing through the livestock gut is the best way of soaking to germinate.

The camel is trying to eat farther, there is no connection between the ground plants and the shoots of the trees.

Scientifically the fertility only increases with the livestock manure because livestock converts the grasses/leaves etc into an organic compost, which increases the soil fertility and gives texture and stability, resisting the water and wind erosion. Strong or hard hooves are no more very relevant. Even the hard hooves are required to make the soil fluffy for seed germination. According to Jeni Ahmet, the modern scientific thinking’s that it is all bad these “hard hooves” yet for decades when these forests were grazed by cattle and horses there were never ever such ferocious fires. Even the firefighters have said there was just way too much fuel. Some of these firefighters have done this job for decades. Banning the grazing is not looking like a smart move when you look at history.

The camels clean the shrubs and bushes.

Livestock grazing is a solution to many complicated issues that emerged in recent decades. Livestock is not a problem but a tool to control hazardous fires, enrich soil fertility, stabilize forests’ health, and provide us very nutritious food.

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General about camel

Our Food and Gut Synthesize our Immune System

A strong and healthy immune system is now more critical than ever because of ever-increasing infections in our surroundings. There are many reasons for the widespread infections, mostly because of climate change. So need a very strong and responsive immune system to safeguard our health from such infections.

Our Gut Generate our Immune System

The majority of our immune system is generated in our gut. It requires a wide variety of healthy gut bacteria for optimal function – our Microbiome. The healthier and more diverse the Microbes in our gut, the stronger our immune system and the healthier we are.

The Gut Microbiome Depending upon the Food we Eat

The quality of our Microbiome is directly dependent on the nutrient density and the Microbiome of the foods we eat, going all the way down the food chain to the microbes in the soil. The healthier the soils and the more diverse the bacteria living in it, the more nutrient-dense and microbially varied our foods, the healthier we are.

The camels browsing on unique vegetation which enrichs its milk manifolds.

Gut Microbiome Make us Happy

A diverse Microbiome does not only make us healthier but also happier. The microbes in our gut are pivotal in regulating neurotransmitters, Seratonin amongst them – the happy chemical – a natural anti-depressant and a powerful immune system improver. So ultimately, our health and emotional wellbeing are dependent on the quality of the soils our food grows in.”A buoyant life below ground will take care of a vibrant life above ground – for plants, animals, and humans alike.

Camel Milk Provides Healthier Gut Microbiome

Camel Milk provides a diverse and healthier gut microbiome and helps in subsiding the infectious diseases and fulfill the micronutrients in our food. The camel keeping communities having slim and healthier bodies and strong gut health. They are rich with a diverse microbiome in the gut and enjoying a healthier and happier life. I have visited many camel keeping communities in different parts of the world and have found them very happy and healthy people.

Since I have been taking a glass of fresh camel milk daily to keep my gut healthier and strong, I always enjoyed a very healthy lifestyle. I have never been sick for the last 22 years. I run and jog daily and fell full of zeal and energy at the age of 51 years.

What works for you guys?

What works well for your gut health? Please share your experience and achievements in keeping a healthier gut microbiome.

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General about camel

The Water Economy and the Camel

Camel is the Livestock of Choice in Water Footprint

To elaborate it easy to read and understandable, I shall be providing the salient features of the camels with regards to the water economy in the following lines.

  1. Camel can reach scarce water points in the desert or remote areas, as the camel has a well-developed power to smell especially water sources. They can smell water 50 miles away by smelling geosmin which is a fragrance produced by streptomyces species growing in the dumped soil.
  2. Camel tolerates a very high level of dehydration. Even in very hot conditions with no access to water, the camel may drink only every 8-10 days and may lose up to 30% of its live body weight through dehydration. Other animals die at 10% live body loss through dehydration.
  3. They can live without water for 3 days in summer and 7 days in winter. However, there are some examples of this animal remaining without water for 20 to 40 days. After 40 days the camel goes blind due to excessive dehydration.
  4. The camel can drink up to 190 liters of water in 10-15 minutes which is a very uncommon phenomenon. Oval shape erythrocytes (instead of round in other animals) expand up to 200% their normal size when the camel drink a huge quantity of water.
  5. Camel urinates less than 1 liter of urine per day in hot summer days, especially in water scarcity. In the period of extreme water shortage, the camel urinates a semi-liquid substance like syrup. You may notice the blackish thick layer on the thighs of the camels in summer.
  6. Camel can store water in its all body compartments (intracellular, extracellular, blood and digestive tract, etc). Every organ has the extraordinary capacity to store water.
  7. A camel can vary body temperature up to 6.7 Cº, having a great endurance power to stand the scorching heat. Camel even absorbs heat in the day time by increasing body temperature and dissipates it in the cool night, this way the camel conserves water.
  8. The well-developed hump is full of fat that serves as a store of water and food at the time of starvation. The fat of hump gets dissolved gradually during starvation and collects again at the time the camel gets adequate water and feed. When the fats are converting into energy and double the amount of water it produces.
  9. Camel consumes a very lesser quantity of water per unit milk production. The camel requires 4-6 liters of water/liter milk production and for the same requirements in the same environment, the dairy cow needs 8-12 times more water.

Camel is the king of the dryness and desert

https://camel4milk.wordpress.com/

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General about camel

International Year of Camelids, 2024

Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 20 December 2017

The General Assembly, noting that camelids are strictly herbivorous, even-toed ungulate mammals that first appeared in America 45 million years ago, Noting also that there are six living species of camelids, namely, dromedary camels, Bactrian camels, llamas, alpacas, vicuñas and guanacos, in North Africa, South-West and Central Asia, Oceania and South America,

Noting further that camelids constitute the main means of subsistence for
millions of poor families that live in the most hostile ecosystems on the planet, and that they contribute to the fight against hunger, the eradication of extreme poverty, the empowerment of women and the sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems,

Recognizing that comprehensive management of the products derived from camelids would promote the inclusion of the most vulnerable populations of rural societies, leading to the creation of sustainable jobs and promoting equality, and

Further recognizing that these species are an important element of the cultural and spiritual identity of ancestral indigenous peoples, constituting an important social basis of the traditional and contemporary knowledge of these peoples who have maintained, preserved and protected genetic biodiversity,

Noting that camelids are the main source of protein, fiber for clothes and fertilizer for agricultural production and that they serve as pack animals, transporting people and products in indigenous communities throughout South America’s extensive Andean highlands, as well as in deserts in Africa and Asia,

Noting also that camelids can play a key role in addressing the effects of climate change, in particular in arid and semi-arid lands, and that recognition, advocacy, and support for the promotion of the products and services that they provide is of paramount importance for the livelihoods of the communities that depend on them,

Recalling the urgent need to raise public awareness of the importance of
camelids for food security and ecosystem functions, and to promote actions that improve the management of camelids in order to contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals,

Australian Feral Camel Breastmilk Camel4life Camel and camelid show France Camel Breeds camel dairy Camel for Tourism camel milk camelmilk camel milk and hepatitis Camel milk dewormer Camel milk is a natural pharmacy camel milk products Camel Photography Canarian Camels Canary Island CASVAB climate change corona virus COVID19 Dr Abdul Raziq Kakar Ecosystem Forestfire French Camel Association Healing with camel milk hepatitis human virology Immune system Infant formula Liver problem livestockgrazing Manipal Academy of Higher Education Natural dewormer natural health Nature Photography Novel Coronavirus Revalorization of camel Sheep dewormer The Camel Milk (CaM) Traditional Knowledge White Kohi Camel world camel day world milk day worldmilkday Wuhan Institute of Virology

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Camel and Nature Connection Camel Milk for Health

Do they not look at the Camels?

How Are the Camels Made?

In the holy Quran, it is said “Do they not look at the Camels, how they are made? And at the Sky, how it is raised high? And at the Mountains, how they are fixed firm? And at the Earth, how it is spread out? In these honored verses, Allah (Praise & Glory be to him) surpassed the camel upon all other living creatures and made the contemplation of how it was mentioned prior to raising high the sky, fixing firm mountains, and spreading out the earth. In this honored verse, the Creator, who knows the secrets of his creatures, advises people to think and contemplate in creating camels as a creature witnesses Allah’s glory, power, and planning.

Majaheem camels in Al Ula Saudi Arabia.

The Camel Knows all the 100 Names

The Arabs believe that only the camels know the one-hundred name of God, which means that the human being knows 99 names of Allah, and the 100th name is only known by camel. The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) delivered his last sermon, which is considered the Charter of Humanity while sitting on a camel called Qiswah. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) will be sitting on a camel while entering Jannah and Hazrat Bilal (RTA) will have the Mahar of the camel, leading camel to Jannah.

Autho love the camel milk

Conclusion

In short, the camel is unique, special, and incredible. There is a wide room in the camels’ field to explore and use its uniqueness for the well-being of health, nature, and environment.

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Camel and Nature Connection Camel and water Camel in Middle East and Africa General about camel

Water Footprint of the Incredible Camel

Why African Pastoralists are replacing cows with the camels?

Northern Kenya is the paradise of camels as well as other livestock species. The landscape of the region is home to the traditional livestock keepers, we call them pastoralists or nomads. The concurrent droughts and climate change calamities forced the traditional livestock keepers to replace the cattle pastoralism with the camel one because of its hardiness and water economy. Map of the region

A comparison of Indigenous cow vs camel in water economy

I hereby share the results of a study in the region, which will help you in understanding the water economy of the camel and other livestock. The camel almost drinks 1/3rd of the volume of water consumed by the local nomadic cow in the same environment and production system (dry season). The water economy is important and relevant in the dry season.

Camel is the animal of challenges

Dr. Raziq

a. Dry Season

To be even more exact in N Kenya pastoral systems the water intake in ml/kg (live body weight) per day in dry seasons is 25.4 ml/kg/day for camels; 70.75 ml/kg/day for cattle and 76 ml/kg/day for goats. It means a camel with a live body weight of 500, consumes a volume of 12.7 litre of water per day.

b. Wet Season

In wet seasons it is 3.37 ml/kg/day for camels and 24.69 for goats. The cattle were not recorded in wet. Figures for reference are taken from Field, 1983. Bear in mind that camels only lactate once in 2 years and cattle every year and goats 1.5× per year but even then camels use less water.

The camels are not only hardy to dry and harsh climatic conditions also the most effecient animal in water economy.

Reference

Challenges of camel production in Samburu District, Kenya Challenges of camel production in Samburu District, Kenya

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Camel Milk and Natural Health Camel Milk for Health COVID-19 and camel milk General about camel

The Camel Community Urge UAE to Lead a Sophisticated Research on Camel Milk amid COVID-19

Since unknown times, camel milk has been considered as protection and medicine for different complex health issues. In the recent past, some scientific studies have proved the camel milk as a source of super healthy molecules, with strong healing power. There are strong believes and proofs that camel milk enhances the overall strength of the body to cope with the infections and stressful conditions.

The ongoing health crisis all over the world has realized the importance of natural ingredients to support our healths and combat viral attacks and other infections. The whole world is desperately looking for healthier and safe options to protect human health in challenging health crisis.

Hightime to Investigate the Camel Milk

It is the best time to investigate the potential medicine in camel milk to give ease and hope to the people in distress and pains. Camel milk comes from a very sustainable and environmentally friendly production system. If camel milk is proved as an immune booster and protective agent against the infections and viral attacks, then it will be a two-prong success for humanity, natural medicine, and supporting sustainable farming systems.

Trial Studies can Uncover the Truth

It is the best time to design trial studies with the camel milk on COVID-19 patients. The microbiologist, health professionals, camel experts can jointly launch very sophisticated trial studies of camel milk and can find the results with huge data on the overall health status and immunity on COVID-19 patients.

UAE can Lead the Research

UAE has visionary leadership, sophisticated institutions & labs, money, camels, and camel milk, the only country in the world blessed with all treasures at the same time. We, therefore suggest starting sophisticated scientific research & harvest the potential antibodies found in camel milk. Researchers in Belgium announces potential breakthroughs using the camelids’ antibodies (Llama) in COVID2019. The large camel dromedary is the closest relative of the Llamas. No better place for such research, UAE has always presented innovative scientific ideas, scientific solution to COVID-2019 through camel antibodies will be an incredible experience to the world.

Why Investigate Camel’s Immunity?

As MERS (another type of coronavirus) in camel and camels survive with it for hundreds of years, then their antibodies are working, we are quite sure. This “may” mean people drinking camel milk might have a stronger immune, due to their body antibodies developed over time, in combination with “stuff” from camel milk.

Food for Thought

My suggestion or desire is based on the magical realities related to the incredible camel. I hereby suggest through this post to please investigate the camel milk as a potential immunity booster in complicated infections like COVID-19. Not only the milk but the plasma’s antibodies of the Arabian camel can give hope to the people in pain amid this health emergency crisis.

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Camel and Nature Connection General about camel

The Camel Photostory. Fiber Digestion

Camel has an uncounted number of characteristics, making it a very unique creature. Hardiness is one of the most important special traits of the camel. Camel can thrive on anything when good quality feed is not available, even can consume the bark of the bushes even the woody part.

Camel consumes everything in hardy conditions but chooses the fresh leafy part of the plants in good conditions

Dr. Raziq
The camels are consuming the dried out woody part of a Halloxylon plant in the Sharjah emirate of the UAE.

The picture below was shot in Sharjah emirate by a powerful SLR camera by my son Haris Beryalie. We can see the camel eating the dried out bush, only the dry wood is remaining. Camel pseudo-rumen is highly enriched with extremely diverse micro-organisms the same as the termites have in their stomach. Such specialized microorganisms digest the woody parts of the plants and produce volatile fatty acids for the energy.

Look how the termites have consumed the dry wood branch of the Calitropis bush? Some termites can be seen.
Camel has a wide choice of plants selection. Very few are poisonous for camel and the wise camel always hesitate to eat. 

https://camel4all.blog/2014/07/02/inimitable-features-of-camel-answer-to-complicated-questions-of-future/amp/

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Camel and Nature Connection

Camel Photography. The Milk Line Majaheem

Camel is not only ensuring livelihood and accessibility in the challenging conditions like in the desert but also provides calmness and beauty to the mind and eyes.

The beautiful Majaheem camels in Alain. The Majaheem is one of the best dairy camels

This picture was short in the beautiful golden desert of the Alain, UAE. Alain is actually the land where you can fell the diversity in everything. You can find beautiful dates garden just in the centre of the desert. Alain is rightly called as Oasis.

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Camel and Nature Connection

The Camel Photostory. Camels and the Trees

The camel is unique and survives in unique but challenging conditions. Their habitat is composed of sand, resilient vegetation, soaring heat, desert storms, sporadic rains, long sunny days, and little or no water. In spite of such challenging conditions, we expect camel to secure our food supply and ensure our livelihood. One can feel the connection between nature and life in the photograph.

The nature has a healing power
The Nature Connections

This picture was shot on the year’s longest day of June 21, 2020 (Alain, UAE) to highlight the importance of the camel in challenging temperatures. The camel keeper can be seen sitting under the Prosopis tree and the camels, trees, and the sand make together a piece of music played by the wind of the desert.

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Camel in Middle East and Africa General about camel

Why a World Camel Day on 22 June?

Camel is one of the most important livestock for food security under climatic calamities. It is a sustainable livestock with lowest ecological footprints and produce one of the unique food, the camel milk. Camel milk is considered as the natural pharmacy.

Unfortunately, the camel is very little praised and appreciated for its role as a food security livestock. Camel is always neglected at all levels by the policymakers and very little attention is given in the R&D projects on a country, region, and global levels. The good thing is that the camel is again turning to its original task, the camel milk. New camel dairies are emerging both in the ancient habitats and new habitats of the camel. This return is mainly materialized by the author’s and his colleagues’ efforts, bringing camel at all levels and making the research findings understandable and practicable.

Camel ensure livelihood of its keepers in difficult environments

Dr. Younas

One of the most important milestones in such achievements is the world camel day 22 June.

Dr. Raziq

Why we chose the date of 22nd June?

In its original habitat, 21 June is the longest and hottest day of the year, in the northern hemisphere of the globe. Camel sustains its abilities of production in such harsh and hostile environments and adapts to the soaring heat and long thirsty day. We should have chosen the 21st of June as world camel day but it is specified for the world father day. So, we decided to skip 21 and selected 22nd June as the world camel day. The difference in day length is only 2 seconds between the 21st and 22nd June. For further reading about the history of the world camel day, please go to the link below. https://camel4all.blog/2020/06/20/history-of-world-camel-day-22-june/amp/

The pride of the desert
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Camel Milk and Natural Health General about camel

CAMEL IS A UNIQUE LIVESTOCK

Strong Power of Adaptation

Camel is very different from other livestock, owing very special physiological and anatomical features making it one of the most resilient creatures of the challenging climatic conditions. Camels adapt and resolve with some multidimensional features to cope with the situations where the temperatures are red hot, water and feed sources are scarce, and the conditions of life are harsh.

Insurance of Life Sustenance in Challenging Conditions

The very important feature of the camel is its potential of producing milk (for calf) to sustain its life cycle and reproduce offspring for the continuation of the camel race. The long, harsh, and challenging days of the desert do not dent the camel milk yield but slightly increase with more watery milk to fulfill the water requirements of the calves in the arid and hot conditions.

Camel is Admired from Religion to Tradition and Believes to Science

The features of the camels are well praised in the holy books, travelers’ stories, documentaries of national geographic, research articles, and the folk songs and stories of the nomads. According to a study, the camel needs 1.9 kg dry roughages to produce 1 kg of milk in the arid condition, and in the same conditions, a native cow needs 9.1 kg dry matter for the same quantity of milk.

Camel Needs Lesser Inputs to Produce

Based on my personal experience, the dairy camel needs far less water than the dairy cows in the same conditions. The drinking water requirements of dairy cows are 8-10 times more per liter milk products in extremely hot weather (>45C). The dairy cows not only require water for food but for cooling and the cooling system needs a lot of power to regulate it’s cooling and exhaust fans. Also, the camel requires a lesser quantity of crude protein in the feed as it is unique in urea recycling. A diet of 16% CP is more than enough for a camel to fulfill its basics and production requirements.

Longer and Productive Farm Life

The camel has tremendous potential as farm livestock because of its longer product life cycle (up to 10-12 parties). The high yielding dairy cow only manages 4 lactations on the farm because of high yielding, overloaded health inputs, the extra burden of feed ingredients (higher CP), and stressful conditions because of multiple factors. In the same conditions, camels take lesser water, feed (lesser CP), and absorb the higher temperatures in their hump and live a very stress-free lifestyle.

The stress-free lifestyle of camel fabricates unique milk, full of nutrients and positivity which ultimately supports our health and happiness.

Dr. Raziq

Shorter Register of Diseases

Also, the camel has a very specific and limited number of diseases, except few like Mange (skin disease) and trypanosomiases (blood parasites), other diseases do not need much human intervention. The hard and strong udder ensures it potential to be less prone to mastitis and other glandular diseases if properly milked in hygienic conditions. Such a phenomenon makes the camel the best dairy choice as it needs lesser health and comforts inputs and milk production in stress-free conditions.

The Camels love Tree Vegetation
The Camels are Happy Browsers
The Camel Sustains in Conditions where others can hardly survive

Even if kept in the same ecological zone with comfortable environmental conditions (preferred for cows), the camel is more efficient in water and feeds turnover into milk. In ideal conditions camels need 4 liters of water for one kg milk (with an average production yield of 10 kg/per day), while in the same condition dairy cows need 4 times more water for one kg milk yield.

Conclusion

Camel is fantastic livestock, designed with special DNAs to support human life in driest parts of the world. The policymakers at all levels should realize the importance of this unique creature and should give a chance to the incredible camel to perform as a food security animal in the climate change context. The WORLD CAMEL DAY is therefore celebrated each year on 22nd June to aware the people about the incredible role the camel is playing and the hopes we foresight from the camel in the challenging future. First WORLD CAMEL DAY was celebrated on the 22nd of June, 2008.

World Camel Day and Camel4Life International

The camel is rarely admired for its incredible roles and it is still hiding from the eyes of the policymakers. Me with the like-minded people, launched WORLD CAMEL DAY to advocate camels and aware the masses about the importance of the camel. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fDPMUKbIthU

Camel4Life international is an advocacy forum, promoting camel at all available platforms to give a proper place in the research, policy, and development. https://www.thenational.ae/uae/health/al-ain-doctor-sees-potential-in-camels-beyond-their-milk-1.51957

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General about camel

World Milk Day 2020 – Raise a glass to the more natural milk – camel milk!

GLOBAL COALITION FOR CAMEL MILK (Ad hoc) World Milk Day – Monday 1 June 2020 World Milk Day 2020 – Raise a glass to the more natural milk – camel milk!

This World Milk Day, for the first time, a global coalition of camel milk consumers, experts, and dairy producers from 35 countries will raise a virtual glass for camel milk. This is the first-time camel milk is on the global World Milk Day agenda since the day began 20 years ago. Sales in camel milk are growing, as interests, in this more natural, climate-friendly, and healthy dairy option – both as stand-alone milk and as an active ingredient in camel milk products.

 “Give the camel a chance as the camel is the solution of the complex problems in the emerging climate change calamities’ said Dr. Abdul Raziq, advocating camel4life.

The global camel milk products market size was valued at USD 10.2 billion in 2019.[1] Camel milk is highly sought after for its anti-inflammatory, strong protective proteins, anti-microbial and nutritious value and works well for lactose intolerance


“The global camel market is projected to grow at more than 10% for the next decade, so more camel milk in the future!” said Dr. Bernard Faye, veterinarian, and chair of ISOCARD, the International Society of Camelid Research and Development.

The unique health benefits of camel milk:

Camel milk works across a range of physical and behavioral issues, making it a highly effective alternative.  “Parents of children with autism remain a key and growing market, as studies show the milk is safe and effective and can lead to behavioral and medical improvements,” stated Christina Adams, author of several publications on camel milk and editorial board member of the Journal of Camel Science.

“The fatty acids in camel milk are also better for human hearts as they contain more mono-unsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids than cow milk. Low in allergenic proteins, camel milk is also the best alternative to human milk and for children with severe food allergies or eczema,” said Dr Tahereh Mohammadabadi, Associate Professor, Khuzestan Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Iran.

A growing market for camel milk

The Middle East and Africa dominate with more than 60% of the global camel livestock revenue. Somalia, Ethiopia, Sudan, and Kenya consume the most per capita in the region. Saudi Arabia is the largest market in the world at around 33 litres per year, per capita. North America is expected to grow the fastest as consumers with diabetes switch to camel milk to better control sugar levels.

The cow dairy industry is known to be a well-organized and powerful lobby force. Until now the camel milk private sector has been mostly established in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Saudi Arabia and Mauritania. But with climate change and growing consumer concerns about ethics and farming, camel herders and camel milk producers are expanding worldwide.

For the past 50 years, camels are the second-fastest growing herbivorous livestock in the world, after buffalo, and has grown annually significantly by 4.5 % in the past decade in Africa (FAO)2. The Middle East and the Horn of Africa camels lead the charge, as the second-fastest growing herbivore livestock in the world after buffalo (FAO).

Regions in Africa are switching to camels even where they never were before, e.g. Uganda and Tanzania « There is so much tradition and long-term use across the world, but we need more scientific research on camel in general  and especially on camel milk” Says Mohammed Bengoumi, Tunisia based FAO camel expert. 

Facing climate change on the equator in Kenya and Australia, more commercial dairy farmers are diversifying or switching to camels as they do better in tough, drought-ridden, hot climates and browse on prickly bushes and shrubs that most farm animals avoid.

“The camel milk industry is undervalued but could rival other foreign exchange earners in Kenya. Drought and the fact that 89% of Kenya is classified as arid and semi-arid land means many are shifting from cows to camels, even in southern Kenya,” said Dr James Chomba Njanja, Vice Chair of the Kenya Camel Association.

Every year an estimated 3 million tons of camel milk is officially sold and consumed around the world. But the true production level could be double that, at around 5-6 million tons per year. A fact of note is that 70% of camel milk is consumed by the camel owners and never reaches the market.

The camel saved humans for generations in the desert.  In arid areas and hot weather over 45C, we see cows suffer as they need 8-10 times more water than camels to produce 1 liter of milk,” said Dr. Abdul Raziq Kakar, a UAE based camel dairy specialist from Pakistan and Camels4All blogger.

Camel herding nomads who have traditionally bred camels for centuries are also benefiting from the interest in camel milk. “Supporting decentralized camel farming through innovative models is a great opportunity to reduce poverty and to better food security in some of the poorest parts of the world,” concluded Dr. Ilse Köhler-Rollefson, project coordinator of the League for Pastoral Peoples. 

For all these climate friendly, natural, and immune-boosting reasons, please raise a virtual or real glass of camel milk to celebrate this World Milk Day!

#worldmilkday #enjoydairy #camelmilk

Dr. Abdul Raziq Kakar, camel dairying specialist, advocating camel4life.

Website: www.camel4all.info Blog: www.camel4all.blog Camel milk blog: www.camel4milk.wordpress.com E. Mail: raziq2007@gmail.com Twitter: @DrRaziqKakar

For information, photos, and interviews with camel milk experts worldwide: Samantha Bolton +41 79 239 23 66 – samanthabolton@gmail.com – Twitter: @camel_wild  and  @sambolton007


[1]https://www.grandviewresearch.com/industry-analysis/camel-milk-products-market

[2]The global milk market grew at a steady pace of 3.89% per year between 2011 and 2018 (FAO)