The drive behind the camel domestication was a set of goals to achieve through this incredible animal, the camel; an animal that can produce food in a challenging scenario. These challenges were comprised of bad weathering, scarcity of food & water, and long traveling for different purposes.
The wise cameleers selected the incredible camel to achieve this set of tasks to ensure food security and livelihood in the world’s driest landscapes. The secrets of the potential both as qualitative and quantitive traits are treasured in their genes. The camel can play a very multi-dimensional role for the betterment of the human being and Mother Earth. Camel4life international is an advocacy forum promoting camel at the global level to convince the policymakers and other stakeholders to use the camels as an agent for development and food security. https://www.thenationalnews.com/uae/science/effect-of-camel-milk-against-cancer-tested-in-regional-study-1.874484
Camel ensures food security in climate change scenario, why? Because;
Camel is the most efficient animal in water economy, as camel consumes 8-10 times less water than the dairy cow in the same environment to produce 1 kg of milk
Camel has unique gut flora (microbiome), very diverse and as efficient as the termite’s microflora, can digest the hardiest and toughest dry matter, the camel can convert wood into energy
Camel is protein efficient as camel recycles blood urea and fulfill some of the protein requirement its recycling mechanism
Camel has very minute or zero-emission because of its efficient digestive system which digests feedstuffs in a way that produce very little methane
The high temperature cannot depress the milk yield of the camel, ironically the camel lactation curve incline in the harsh summer days
Camel does not need any cooling inputs, they can tolerate the skin burning heat waves of the desert, otherwise, in the same environment the dairy cattle need artificial cooling systems which consume energy and water
The demand for camel milk increased manifold over the last 15 years, two main drivers are behind this rise; 1. Processing of CaM and awareness about the CaM. Camel milk is a proven immune booster and anti-infectious along with other important healing properties. Presently the first role is very important because of the COVID19 issue. We expect a sharp rise in the demand for the CaM, but practically, the sale of the CaM shrank and couldn’t sustain its pace compared to last years (2018-2019). This is a real question, why the demand or the flow declined? I table this question before you and wait for your technical answer. In my point of view, this decline is because of the logistic complications following the negative propaganda linking COVID19 and the MERS altogether. Waiting and looking forward
Camels are exotic elements, which can be comprised of adventure travel companies promoting ecotourism activities. Such recreations contribute to sustainable livelihoods for local communities and educational empowerment towards nature and its conservation. At present, some local camel breeds’ survival reduces to this animal-based leisure industry and its reliability to perform and promote customized services accurately.
For centuries, Canarian camels participated in multiple agricultural labors, military operations, and a beast of burden at short and long distances. According to historical chronicles, the opening of island ports to Atlantic traffic in the late 1800s led to the evolvement of an active tourism network that completely changed the functional destination of these animals in the islands a few decades later. The mechanization of agricultural works and transportation means from the last third of the 20th century made its census suffer a dramatic reduction in rural areas and being this species progressively adapted to the transport of tourists instead. Fortunately, tourism rise and expansion in the 1990s resulted in population recovery. Since then, these animals have a cardinal role in the tourism industry, which is the principal income source for local camel breeders apart from the European Union live animal market. Other emerging but still minoritarian productive niches of this breed, which lack phenotypic characterization and selection programs, are milk, meat, and wool.
The current census of this camel breed is estimated at 1200 individuals, and it is included in the Spanish Official Catalogue of Livestock as an endangered autochthonous breed since 2012 by the Order AAA/251/2012 of the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. As it constitutes the only Spanish and European traditional camel population, this distinctive breed deserves functional revaluation for selective breeding with conservation purposes. With this objective, an in-depth assessment of camel tourism dimensions is fully required given its far-iconic tourism attractiveness.
By conducting an on-site questionnaire to customers participating in camelback riding tours, researchers from Cordoba (Spain) assessed the motivational factors affecting participation, satisfaction, and loyalty in this tourism segment that may have made it socially differentiated. The sixfold combination of staff performance, culture geography, diverse and humane close interaction, camel behavior and performance, sociotemporal context, and positive previous experience involves the elemental dimensions that explain customer satisfaction and return intention probability within this entertainment business.
This applied research is the first holistic approach in this applied-research field. Customer knowledge is essential for stakeholders to build personalized riding experiences and align profits with environmental sustainability and biodiversity mainstream concerns into their everyday operations. In turn, domestic camel tourist rides could be managed as a viable path to nature conservation by helping endangered local breeds to avoid their functional devaluation and potential extinction.
Camel milk is known in Asia and Africa for 5000 years for its benefits for human health. Therefore, it is not only consumed as food, but also a remedy. Many studies have reported, that camel milk has a very high concentration of mono-and polyunsaturated fatty acids, serum albumin, lactoferrin, immunoglobulin’s, vitamins C, and E, lysozyme, manganese, and iron, as well as the hormone insulin. Therefore, camel milk can be prescribed as a remedy for many human illnesses. It has been proven as a useful application in the stomach and intestinal disorders, Diabetes-1, food allergy. In addition, camel milk has been used to reduce cholesterol levels in the blood, to avoid psoriasis disease, to heal inflammation in the body, to assist patients with tuberculosis, helping to strengthen the human immune system, to reduce growth the of cancer cells, and to cure autism. Even the patient can benefit from the biological factors in camel milk, it must be consumed raw, fresh, and free of pathogens after a good machine milking. These potential health benefits of camel milk should be further study.
The fresh CaM is the best but should come from healthy (screened from Brucellosis, TB, and other zoonotic diseases) camels and harvested in a very hygienic environment.
Such milk should be used within 1 hour or up to 3 hours if stored at room temperature. For longer shelf life, should be stored below 5 Celcius for 5 days.
If any sort of doubt on the health of the camel/s or the milking environments, then the milk must be pasteurized.
Infield conditions put the milk in a metal pot on a light flame and stir continuously. After you see the steam evaporating from the milk, put a drop or 2 on your hand, if it burns the skin then stop heating and keep the pot at room temperature until it becomes lukewarm. I call such milk as the flash pasteurized.
Flash pasteurized CaM can be used within 5 hours or can be chilled at a temperature below 5 Celcius. Such chilled pasteurized milk can be used for 7 days.
If one has access to the commercially available pasteurized, UHT, or powdered milk, it is safe and healthy to be used.
My friend Mike from Malasia (a camel milk advocate and user) says that CaM powder can be extraordinary. Few families who are using it seeing changing results as early as 2 weeks.
The powder processing is different from the freeze-drying process. It’s all about delta temperature exposed versus exposed time factor. Similar to flash pasteurize versus longer time at lower temperature pasteurization.
Similar concept like you have a balloon where you put it into a room that’s 150°C for 5 seconds versus the same balloon where you put into a room that’s 50°C for 15 minutes. Which 🎈will burst 💥 first? The same explanation applies to CaM processing in both pasteurization and powdering.
The °C delta vs time delta factor also applies to the freeze-drying process. Furthermore, the sudden change of vacuum pressure in the freeze-drying process will change the structure of the compounds in CaM. Similar explanation as 🎈.
Sudden kPa change will 💥 the 🎈 but slow kPa change will not 💥. It got to do with the elasticity of the 🎈rubber layer. Apply to CaM compounds/molecules. e.g. fat, protein, etc.
I believe the same arguments apply to ice cream processing too. You can get soft creamy ice cream or ice cream that tastes like frozen ice/water in it.
Balochistan is home to different and multipurpose camel breeds, productive and beautiful. I love all types of camels but the white Kohi breed is very close to my heart. Kohi camel is found in northeastern Balochistan. It produces up to 10 kg of milk per day with a lactation length of 8 months. I have few Kohi camels back in Balochistan, they are special and unique. you can find some beautiful camels below.
In a live video message, I appealed to the people in Balochistan to come back to the camel culture. Keep the camel instead of an exotic cow for milk. It has many benefits both for the environment and the expenses.
You can read further about the White Kohi camel breed in the following links. The Kohi mean mountainous, this is a mountainous breed and found in Suleiman region of Balochistan Pakistan.
I’m behind the Australian camels for the last 15 years. I’m a witness of very sad and happy news about the feral camels of Australia. A recent post tells the insight of the camel dairy development in the country. There is good hope, I think it will develop the camel business very sustainably. Though the development is still very slow and steady it will provide a strong base for a camel business in the future.
The Feral Camels Provide the Base
Most camel farmers in Australia start their herds by capturing wild camels from the outback or rescuing culled animals destined for an abattoir, helping control a feral population that is increasing about 8 percent a year.
AgriFutures Australia estimates the local camel milk industry produced about 180,000 liters in 2019, up from 50,000 three years ago. Globally most camel milk production is in the Middle East and North Africa but Australian farmers have a strategic advantage because our camels are free of a disease common elsewhere.
This time of the year, there are forest fires in California and other regions of the USA. There are many theories analyzing the situation and recommending some unique ideas to be implemented for the control of the losses from the havoc blazes. As an experienced ethnoecologist and animal scientist, I’m pretty sure that grazing livestock can save our forests from the fire. As an example, the camel can clean the forests up to 10 feet in height. The sheep and cattle can clean the grasses. The goats can eat the bushes and shrubs.
This will have a very positive symbiotic impact on the ecosystem and there will be healthy animals and healthy forests. The microflora in camel manure enriches the microbiome diversity in the vegetation which ultimately impacts the rumen biome of the other livestock grazing in the same ecosystem. The livestock manure is 10 times better in soil fertility richness and home to many beneficial microorganisms.
According to my philosophy which I have learned from nature, if livestock grazing is allowed in the forests, there will be no fire. I’m 100% sure of that. The bushes, grass, and shrubs get to fire first because they are closest to the soil and their dried out leaves get fire and spread in the forest. The grazing animals can clean such close to the soil plants 3 or more times a year and the hazard of the fire will be minimum or even nil. The other benefits are the enriching the soil fertility and diversifying both the floral and faunal biodiversity.
Jeni Ahmet wrote to me that “this philosophy will certainly work in Australia, it would be a great help if implemented. Last summer Australia burned in the most horrendous fires in history. All-access to forests for livestock and people has been banned for a number of years resulting in a massive build-up of fuel. Catastrophic fires were the result and the loss of billions of lives of wildlife – including our iconic koalas – burned alive
But Cyndy McCurdy stresses using the right kind of livestock. Hard Hooved grazers do a lot of damage to the Australian Landscape but soft-footed browsers are ok and they eat weeds. But I would not agree with this approach. All type of livestock is the right livestock, only overgrazing should be avoided. The livestock hooves help in softening the soil and help in germinating the seeds. Some seeds need to be soaked and passing through the livestock gut is the best way of soaking to germinate.
Scientifically the fertility only increases with the livestock manure because livestock converts the grasses/leaves etc into an organic compost, which increases the soil fertility and gives texture and stability, resisting the water and wind erosion. Strong or hard hooves are no more very relevant. Even the hard hooves are required to make the soil fluffy for seed germination. According to Jeni Ahmet, the modern scientific thinking’s that it is all bad these “hard hooves” yet for decades when these forests were grazed by cattle and horses there were never ever such ferocious fires. Even the firefighters have said there was just way too much fuel. Some of these firefighters have done this job for decades. Banning the grazing is not looking like a smart move when you look at history.
Livestock grazing is a solution to many complicated issues that emerged in recent decades. Livestock is not a problem but a tool to control hazardous fires, enrich soil fertility, stabilize forests’ health, and provide us very nutritious food.
A strong and healthy immune system is now more critical than ever because of ever-increasing infections in our surroundings. There are many reasons for the widespread infections, mostly because of climate change. So need a very strong and responsive immune system to safeguard our health from such infections.
Our Gut Generate our Immune System
The majority of our immune system is generated in our gut. It requires a wide variety of healthy gut bacteria for optimal function – our Microbiome. The healthier and more diverse the Microbes in our gut, the stronger our immune system and the healthier we are.
The Gut Microbiome Depending upon the Food we Eat
The quality of our Microbiome is directly dependent on the nutrient density and the Microbiome of the foods we eat, going all the way down the food chain to the microbes in the soil. The healthier the soils and the more diverse the bacteria living in it, the more nutrient-dense and microbially varied our foods, the healthier we are.
Gut Microbiome Make us Happy
A diverse Microbiome does not only make us healthier but also happier. The microbes in our gut are pivotal in regulating neurotransmitters, Seratonin amongst them – the happy chemical – a natural anti-depressant and a powerful immune system improver. So ultimately, our health and emotional wellbeing are dependent on the quality of the soils our food grows in.”A buoyant life below ground will take care of a vibrant life above ground – for plants, animals, and humans alike.
Camel Milk Provides Healthier Gut Microbiome
Camel Milk provides a diverse and healthier gut microbiome and helps in subsiding the infectious diseases and fulfill the micronutrients in our food. The camel keeping communities having slim and healthier bodies and strong gut health. They are rich with a diverse microbiome in the gut and enjoying a healthier and happier life. I have visited many camel keeping communities in different parts of the world and have found them very happy and healthy people.
Since I have been taking a glass of fresh camel milk daily to keep my gut healthier and strong, I always enjoyed a very healthy lifestyle. I have never been sick for the last 22 years. I run and jog daily and fell full of zeal and energy at the age of 51 years.
What works for you guys?
What works well for your gut health? Please share your experience and achievements in keeping a healthier gut microbiome.
Camel is the Livestock of Choice in Water Footprint
To elaborate it easy to read and understandable, I shall be providing the salient features of the camels with regards to the water economy in the following lines.
Camel can reach scarce water points in the desert or remote areas, as the camel has a well-developed power to smell especially water sources. They can smell water 50 miles away by smelling geosmin which is a fragrance produced by streptomyces species growing in the dumped soil.
Camel tolerates a very high level of dehydration. Even in very hot conditions with no access to water, the camel may drink only every 8-10 days and may lose up to 30% of its live body weight through dehydration. Other animals die at 10% live body loss through dehydration.
They can live without water for 3 days in summer and 7 days in winter. However, there are some examples of this animal remaining without water for 20 to 40 days. After 40 days the camel goes blind due to excessive dehydration.
The camel can drink up to 190 liters of water in 10-15 minutes which is a very uncommon phenomenon. Oval shape erythrocytes (instead of round in other animals) expand up to 200% their normal size when the camel drink a huge quantity of water.
Camel urinates less than 1 liter of urine per day in hot summer days, especially in water scarcity. In the period of extreme water shortage, the camel urinates a semi-liquid substance like syrup. You may notice the blackish thick layer on the thighs of the camels in summer.
Camel can store water in its all body compartments (intracellular, extracellular, blood and digestive tract, etc). Every organ has the extraordinary capacity to store water.
A camel can vary body temperature up to 6.7 Cº, having a great endurance power to stand the scorching heat. Camel even absorbs heat in the day time by increasing body temperature and dissipates it in the cool night, this way the camel conserves water.
The well-developed hump is full of fat that serves as a store of water and food at the time of starvation. The fat of hump gets dissolved gradually during starvation and collects again at the time the camel gets adequate water and feed. When the fats are converting into energy and double the amount of water it produces.
Camel consumes a very lesser quantity of water per unit milk production. The camel requires 4-6 liters of water/liter milk production and for the same requirements in the same environment, the dairy cow needs 8-12 times more water.
Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 20 December 2017
The General Assembly, noting that camelids are strictly herbivorous, even-toed ungulate mammals that first appeared in America 45 million years ago, Noting also that there are six living species of camelids, namely, dromedary camels, Bactrian camels, llamas, alpacas, vicuñas and guanacos, in North Africa, South-West and Central Asia, Oceania and South America,
Noting further that camelids constitute the main means of subsistence for millions of poor families that live in the most hostile ecosystems on the planet, and that they contribute to the fight against hunger, the eradication of extreme poverty, the empowerment of women and the sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems,
Recognizing that comprehensive management of the products derived from camelids would promote the inclusion of the most vulnerable populations of rural societies, leading to the creation of sustainable jobs and promoting equality, and
Further recognizing that these species are an important element of the cultural and spiritual identity of ancestral indigenous peoples, constituting an important social basis of the traditional and contemporary knowledge of these peoples who have maintained, preserved and protected genetic biodiversity,
Noting that camelids are the main source of protein, fiber for clothes and fertilizer for agricultural production and that they serve as pack animals, transporting people and products in indigenous communities throughout South America’s extensive Andean highlands, as well as in deserts in Africa and Asia,
Noting also that camelids can play a key role in addressing the effects of climate change, in particular in arid and semi-arid lands, and that recognition, advocacy, and support for the promotion of the products and services that they provide is of paramount importance for the livelihoods of the communities that depend on them,
Recalling the urgent need to raise public awareness of the importance of camelids for food security and ecosystem functions, and to promote actions that improve the management of camelids in order to contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals,
In the holy Quran, it is said “Do they not look at the Camels, how they are made? And at the Sky, how it is raised high? And at the Mountains, how they are fixed firm? And at the Earth, how it is spread out? In these honored verses, Allah (Praise & Glory be to him) surpassed the camel upon all other living creatures and made the contemplation of how it was mentioned prior to raising high the sky, fixing firm mountains, and spreading out the earth. In this honored verse, the Creator, who knows the secrets of his creatures, advises people to think and contemplate in creating camels as a creature witnesses Allah’s glory, power, and planning.
The Camel Knows all the 100 Names
The Arabs believe that only the camels know the one-hundred name of God, which means that the human being knows 99 names of Allah, and the 100th name is only known by camel. The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) delivered his last sermon, which is considered the Charter of Humanity while sitting on a camel called Qiswah. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) will be sitting on a camel while entering Jannah and Hazrat Bilal (RTA) will have the Mahar of the camel, leading camel to Jannah.
In short, the camel is unique, special, and incredible. There is a wide room in the camels’ field to explore and use its uniqueness for the well-being of health, nature, and environment.
Why African Pastoralists are replacing cows with the camels?
Northern Kenya is the paradise of camels as well as other livestock species. The landscape of the region is home to the traditional livestock keepers, we call them pastoralists or nomads. The concurrent droughts and climate change calamities forced the traditional livestock keepers to replace the cattle pastoralism with the camel one because of its hardiness and water economy. Map of the region
A comparison of Indigenous cow vs camel in water economy
I hereby share the results of a study in the region, which will help you in understanding the water economy of the camel and other livestock. The camel almost drinks 1/3rd of the volume of water consumed by the local nomadic cow in the same environment and production system (dry season). The water economy is important and relevant in the dry season.
Camel is the animal of challenges
a. Dry Season
To be even more exact in N Kenya pastoral systems the water intake in ml/kg (live body weight) per day in dry seasons is 25.4 ml/kg/day for camels; 70.75 ml/kg/day for cattle and 76 ml/kg/day for goats. It means a camel with a live body weight of 500, consumes a volume of 12.7 litre of water per day.
b. Wet Season
In wet seasons it is 3.37 ml/kg/day for camels and 24.69 for goats. The cattle were not recorded in wet. Figures for reference are taken from Field, 1983. Bear in mind that camels only lactate once in 2 years and cattle every year and goats 1.5× per year but even then camels use less water.
Since unknown times, camel milk has been considered as protection and medicine for different complex health issues. In the recent past, some scientific studies have proved the camel milk as a source of super healthy molecules, with strong healing power. There are strong believes and proofs that camel milk enhances the overall strength of the body to cope with the infections and stressful conditions.
The ongoing health crisis all over the world has realized the importance of natural ingredients to support our healths and combat viral attacks and other infections. The whole world is desperately looking for healthier and safe options to protect human health in challenging health crisis.
Hightime to Investigate the Camel Milk
It is the best time to investigate the potential medicine in camel milk to give ease and hope to the people in distress and pains. Camel milk comes from a very sustainable and environmentally friendly production system. If camel milk is proved as an immune booster and protective agent against the infections and viral attacks, then it will be a two-prong success for humanity, natural medicine, and supporting sustainable farming systems.
Trial Studies can Uncover the Truth
It is the best time to design trial studies with the camel milk on COVID-19 patients. The microbiologist, health professionals, camel experts can jointly launch very sophisticated trial studies of camel milk and can find the results with huge data on the overall health status and immunity on COVID-19 patients.
UAE can Lead the Research
UAE has visionary leadership, sophisticated institutions & labs, money, camels, and camel milk, the only country in the world blessed with all treasures at the same time. We, therefore suggest starting sophisticated scientific research & harvest the potential antibodies found in camel milk. Researchers in Belgium announces potential breakthroughs using the camelids’ antibodies (Llama) in COVID2019. The large camel dromedary is the closest relative of the Llamas. No better place for such research, UAE has always presented innovative scientific ideas, scientific solution to COVID-2019 through camel antibodies will be an incredible experience to the world.
Why Investigate Camel’s Immunity?
As MERS (another type of coronavirus) in camel and camels survive with it for hundreds of years, then their antibodies are working, we are quite sure. This “may” mean people drinking camel milk might have a stronger immune, due to their body antibodies developed over time, in combination with “stuff” from camel milk.
Food for Thought
My suggestion or desire is based on the magical realities related to the incredible camel. I hereby suggest through this post to please investigate the camel milk as a potential immunity booster in complicated infections like COVID-19. Not only the milk but the plasma’s antibodies of the Arabian camel can give hope to the people in pain amid this health emergency crisis.
Camel has an uncounted number of characteristics, making it a very unique creature. Hardiness is one of the most important special traits of the camel. Camel can thrive on anything when good quality feed is not available, even can consume the bark of the bushes even the woody part.
Camel consumes everything in hardy conditions but chooses the fresh leafy part of the plants in good conditions
The picture below was shot in Sharjah emirate by a powerful SLR camera by my son Haris Beryalie. We can see the camel eating the dried out bush, only the dry wood is remaining. Camel pseudo-rumen is highly enriched with extremely diverse micro-organisms the same as the termites have in their stomach. Such specialized microorganisms digest the woody parts of the plants and produce volatile fatty acids for the energy.
Camel has a wide choice of plants selection. Very few are poisonous for camel and the wise camel always hesitate to eat.
Camel is not only ensuring livelihood and accessibility in the challenging conditions like in the desert but also provides calmness and beauty to the mind and eyes.
This picture was short in the beautiful golden desert of the Alain, UAE. Alain is actually the land where you can fell the diversity in everything. You can find beautiful dates garden just in the centre of the desert. Alain is rightly called as Oasis.
The camel is unique and survives in unique but challenging conditions. Their habitat is composed of sand, resilient vegetation, soaring heat, desert storms, sporadic rains, long sunny days, and little or no water. In spite of such challenging conditions, we expect camel to secure our food supply and ensure our livelihood. One can feel the connection between nature and life in the photograph.
This picture was shot on the year’s longest day of June 21, 2020 (Alain, UAE) to highlight the importance of the camel in challenging temperatures. The camel keeper can be seen sitting under the Prosopis tree and the camels, trees, and the sand make together a piece of music played by the wind of the desert.
Camel is one of the most important livestock for food security under climatic calamities. It is a sustainable livestock with lowest ecological footprints and produce one of the unique food, the camel milk. Camel milk is considered as the natural pharmacy.
Unfortunately, the camel is very little praised and appreciated for its role as a food security livestock. Camel is always neglected at all levels by the policymakers and very little attention is given in the R&D projects on a country, region, and global levels. The good thing is that the camel is again turning to its original task, the camel milk. New camel dairies are emerging both in the ancient habitats and new habitats of the camel. This return is mainly materialized by the author’s and his colleagues’ efforts, bringing camel at all levels and making the research findings understandable and practicable.
Camel ensure livelihood of its keepers in difficult environments
One of the most important milestones in such achievements is the world camel day 22 June.
Why we chose the date of 22nd June?
In its original habitat, 21 June is the longest and hottest day of the year, in the northern hemisphere of the globe. Camel sustains its abilities of production in such harsh and hostile environments and adapts to the soaring heat and long thirsty day. We should have chosen the 21st of June as world camel day but it is specified for the world father day. So, we decided to skip 21 and selected 22nd June as the world camel day. The difference in day length is only 2 seconds between the 21st and 22nd June. For further reading about the history of the world camel day, please go to the link below. https://camel4all.blog/2020/06/20/history-of-world-camel-day-22-june/amp/