Categories
Bactrian Camel and Bactria Camel in European Countries

A 200 Years Tradition, the Camel Wrestling in Turkey

My friend from Turkey, Dr. Atakan Koc Koç (animal scientist) wrote some details to me explaining somehow the details of camel wrestling in Turkey.

He writes as; We also have a similar tradition for more than 200 years in Turkey. But we call it “Camel Wrestling”, not fighting. The procedure of wrestling is elaborated in the following bullets.

  • First of all, wrestling takes place under the supervision of the referee and assistants.
  • Secondly, before wrestling, camels have their mouths tied so that they do not hurt each other, so they are not allowed to suffer.
  • Thirdly, wrestling only takes 10 minutes. If one does not dominate the other, it ends in a draw. Most wrestling ends in draws anyway. If it is understood that one camel is superior to the other, wrestling is terminated.
  • Fourth, 30-40 thousand people come to watch wrestling in some places. They watch wrestling in a picnic setting. The whole family comes and joins the wrestling.
  • Wrestling is usually held on Sunday. At least 50-60 wrestling/games are played. Camels are matched according to their wrestling style. They can do a lot of different wrestling games.
  • The evening before the wrestling day, a dinner party called “Carpet Night” is organized, and the wrestling camel owners participate in this entertainment. A social event for wrestling camel owners.
  • They come and join wrestling 350-400 km far from the wrestling place. It is strictly forbidden to give any doping substance or performance enhancer to make their camels win.
  • There are camel wrestling associations where wrestling camel owners are members.
  • The camel wrestling association has organized a wrestling federation. The federation is responsible for the organization of camel wrestling, the assignment of referees and their assistants, as well as servants.

Camel wrestling is also a symbol of love for camels

Animal rights advocates do object, and rightly so in their own right. In fact, wrestling camels are very well cared for and fed. However, most camels will have to be slaughtered if camel wrestling is banned. Like a member of the family. There are even those who bury them in a suitable place when they die and some of them built graves. As a result, not camels are not allowed to fight, they are allowed to wrestle in Turkey.

Camel wrestling attracts thousands of local people and tourists each year in Turkey and provides a great opportunity of recreation to the people and a way of camel conservation in the country as I always quoted ‘Utilization is the best conservation’.
Categories
General about camel

Camel Milk Antibodies Inhibit the Growth and Proliferation of Cancerous Cells

The CaM antibodies are several times smaller than those produced by other animals including humans. Recently discovered ‘nanobodies,’ can enter tissues and cells that other antibodies cannot. They can even interfere with enzyme binding sites, contributing to camels’ remarkable disease resistance. Their size and ability make them potentially valuable in biomedical research (diagnosis) on a broad range of diseases including cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, and atherosclerosis.

Lactoferrins, immunoglobulins and iron – binding glycoprotein

Studies have shown that camel milk works to combat and eradicate cancer cells (HepG2-MCF7) because camel milk contains high levels of lactoferrins, immunoglobulins, and iron-binding glycoprotein. These components act as antitumors and which happens through
increasing RNA synthesis and the inhibition of protein
kinases and differentiation.

Lactoperoxidase & Peptidoglycan in Camel Milk

The camel milk contains lactoperoxidase which possesses anti-tumor activity. Inclusion of peptidoglycan recognition protein in the milk was firstly found in camel milk which can fight breast cancer by taking over metastasis.

Camel Milk Nanobodies Pass Untouched to the Intestines

A tenth of the size of human antibodies thus acts as natural nanobodies, camel antibodies can grasp their targets just as human antibodies. The antibodies remain active when passing through the stomach. This is due to the fact that camel milk proteins do not precipitate in the stomach so they pass untouched into the intestines. 

Camel milk saves you from the complex health challenges

Dr. Raziq Kakar

Australian Feral Camel Autism and camel milk Camel4life Camelait Camel Breeds camel dairy Camel for Tourism camel genetic resources camel milk camelmilk camel milk and hepatitis camel milk ice cream Camel milk is a natural pharmacy camel milk products Camel Photography Camel sustainable Canary Island climate change COVID19 Diabetes Dr Abdul Raziq Kakar Ecosystem Forestfire Gabbra Healing with camel milk health promising hepatitis Insulin lactoferrin Lectoferrin Liver problem livestockgrazing modern camel farming natural health Nature Photography pastoral people Quran and Camel Reselience of indigenous livestock breeds Superbug The Camel Milk (CaM) Traditional Knowledge value added camel product Vitamin C White Kohi Camel world camel day

Categories
Camel and Nature Connection

Camel Vocabulary

Camel is the backbone of the Arabic and other Pastoralists’ communities’ culture and literature. The Arabs have a very rich vocabulary of the camel, a single camel has many names depending upon the sex, age, color, breed, physical status, beauty, gait, foot, shoulder, head, ear, eyes, hair, neck, and so on. https://www.thenationalnews.com/arts-culture/the-art-of-naming-your-camel-1.651786

A Gabbara camel

Arab loves their Camels and Using a wide Vocabulary

Joseph Freiherr von Hammer-Purgstall, a great eighteenth-century Orientalist, collected 5,774 words for camel and camel-related features and paraphernalia. Many of the terms he collected were poetical metaphors.17 But, for example, there really are at least thirty different words for camel milk.

The Love needs more Words to Express

As a personal note, I have an experience that the thing you love the most, you call that with many and different names. There are many names for the loved one, the kids and the animals, etc. It reveals that the camel keepers love their camel/s and they prioritize camels among the animals and even the family members.

There are 11 words for ‘love’ in Arabic, with each conveying a different stage in a relationship or the falling in love process. These words include ‘Hawa’ which is the initial attraction towards or turning towards and ‘Hayam which is blind love and the complete loss of reason. The most common words for love are ‘Hubb’ which means ‘seed’ and ‘Qalb’ which means ‘heart.’

Arabic has over 100 words for ‘camel’ which at one point had as many as 1,000 words. ‘Al-Jafool,’ for example is a camel that is frightened by anything and ‘al-harib’ is a female camel that walks ahead of the other camels. https://www.arabacademy.com/surprising-facts-arabic-language/

A Camel Scientist’s View about Camel Terminology

In the field of camel husbandry, camel terminology is mainly derived from a cow/cattle production system in English, which is a wrong approach. I’m giving you food for thought to reconsider and re-establish camel’s terminology.

 As the camel was domesticated, evolved, and managed for centuries in Arabian Peninsula, the best terminology will be the one used in Arabian Peninsula. For more details, please click the link https://arkbiodiv.com/2015/06/15/camel-terminology-needs-to-re-establish/

Categories
Camel Products

Camel Saved Human in Challenging Condition

An Arab friend of mine told me that the camel saved generations of people in the world’s driest ecosystems for centuries. The camel pastoralists were used to walk with their camels, drinking their milk with the dried dates.

What Ibne Khaldun Says?

Ibne Khaldun says “before Islam, the tribe of Mudar used to eat a portion of food made from the grounded wool (crushed with stone) of camels cooked in the blood named as IHLIZ اهلز”

In times of extreme drought or famine, it’s possible rules that religion may normally ban may be relaxed to ensure survival. In parts of east Africa in drought time people used to have to cut up, grind up and boil the camel and cattle skins they used as sleeping mats in order to survive.

Dr. Piers Simpkin, the honorable member of the camel4life advocacy group

Camel Skin and Hair are Sometimes Edible

A colleague of our camel advocacy group “Tumal from Oronto of Gabbara Pastoralists” told that; Around the year 1936, there was a serious drought in Northern Kenya, locally known as “Olla Qolaji” Olla- is drought Qolaji- dry poor cowhide. Hence Pastoralists Herders roasted cowhides from collapsed animals due to severe drought. My dad moved from Maikona in Marsabit County to Magado currently (350Kms) in Isiolo County- those days called Northern Frontier Districts by the Colonial government. Camels’ hides are roasted during food shortages in those days because it retains oil layers.

In some cultures, the camel pastoralists eat raw hump. Some communities even open the hump of the living camel, cut the hump, and sew the skin again. They eat the hump fats as raw food to subside their hunger. Drinking the camel’s blood from a living camel is still quite common in some camel pastoralists’ communities, especially in Africa.

Categories
Camel Milk for Health

Fake Camel Milk

Human is Greedy

Human greed is far to be satisfied with anything. Some people even do not hesitate to sell fake items and earn money, which is very painful and dangerous. As the camel milk (CaM) is making its space in the important functional foods globally at the same pace the fake CaM is coming in the market.

One of the most important and prominent example is ‘SUSU UNTA CAMEL MILK‘, claiming importing from Malasia where the camels are only in the zoo. Tons of the fake CaM powder are imported in Pakistan and delivered with the name of pure camel milk.

Look the level of fraud, using the word Halal.

Here is the link of the company selling fake CaM in Karachi, look at their claims. http://www.findglocal.com/PK/Karachi/531780563588892/Susunta-Camel-Milk

Look at their claims, the very sad state of the situation. I humbly request the authorities to please intervene in the situation and punish such fake greedy people to fool the people and play with their health.

For the details please go to the link provided in the URL https://camel4milk.wordpress.com/2021/03/17/fake-camel-milk-a-threat-to-our-health/amp/

Youtube Channel on camel milk

I have initiated a youtube channel about the properties of the camel milk, especially with the regard of the natural health. It is in English, Urdu and sometimes in Pashtu. https://youtu.be/oxpE-HIf-OA

Exposing the Fake CaM

I would write and talk about the fake CaM as there are some other outlets too. Please help me in getting the information and details about such fake CaM.

Categories
CaM Product and Cheese

Please Do Not Kill Your Camel Milk (CaM)

Is camel milk alive? This is a very important question. As a whole, maybe you consider the milk as a dead entity or non-living item but the milk is the niche for billions of microorganisms. Such microorganisms are very crucial for the quality of the milk and the health of the consumer. Some microorganisms are dangerous like coliform bacteria and others but the majority of the microbes in the milk are very crucial and beneficial to keep the milk nutritious and healthy and sustain the shelf life of the milk and its products.

Everything is played at the time of pasteurization and with the quality of the milk. We heat the milk at a reasonable minimum precisely to preserve all the properties of the milk: 5 minutes at 65 degrees. at this low temperature, all the elements are preserved, and the health risk is greatly reduced. we tested at higher temperatures. no cheese formation: the milk was dead. between 5 and 10. normally 15, but our microbiological tests are good with this temperature

Francios Tighmert, camel milk cheese maker in Morocoo
CaM cheese made by Francios

Actually, regarding camel milk cheese, important is its properties.
If during the cheese-making process we saved its bioactive components or not? Then soft or hard forms contain high CLA, Ca, antihypertensive peptides, immune-modulatory peptides, lactic acid bacteria, antimicrobial peptides, and opioid peptides.

Dr. Tahereh Muhammadabadi

Looking Forward

I would love to ask you for your feedback about this debate. We should share the knowledge, especially about camel milk. In this article, you can understand the basics of camel milk pasteurization.

Soft Cheese made of CaM
Home level pasteurization of the camel milk to conserve the bioactive ingredients of the CaM

We assume you have very pure, hygienically healthy, fresh camel milk. Pour the milk into a clean pot (Metalic, preferably SS pot) and turn on the heater at low flame. Stir the milk slowly and check the milk temperature from time to time. Take a drop or two with the stirrer and put it on the backside of your hand/palm, if it started burning the skin, the milk is flash pasteurized. So this milk is safe on one hand for consumption and the bioactive molecules and healthy microorganisms are safe. You can make cheese from such live and healthy milk.

Keep your Camel Milk (CaM) Alive

Strong heating will kill your CaM. The dead milk has limited benefits because the major role as a natural healing agent is played by the bioactive molecules and the probiotic bacteria.

Categories
Camel and Nature Connection

CaM Antibodies Can Help in Shark Conservation

Some 4 years before when I wrote this sentence ‘The camel milk (CaM) can help in shark conservation’, many critics jumped to me shouting with how how how.

Image for post

Here is the link to my general article at that time where I wrote ‘ Camel milk is a unique and incredible creature of God. Not only food but a gift of nature for natural health and beauty. This hidden treasure (camel milk) is now attracting the attention of millions of people around the world because of many reasons. The camel milk is finding its way in a world where the camel is not found naturally. Last June, on the eve of world camel day (22 June 2014) Japan’s TV channel NHK interviewed me on this important treasure. They showed interest in camel milk as; Japanese are very health sensitive. In Japan health-conscious people use Shark fins for natural and good health as (they think) Nanobodies (NB) found in Shark fins are health promising. This is the reason that Shark prices are very high in Japan. Recent studies revealed that such NB is found in camel milk far richer than the Shark fins. A famous chef name Chinn (protecting Shark) even claimed “Shark’s fin soup has no taste! You take fins off a shark and you don’t really get anything. There’s no value except what you’re paying for.” Camel milk can be a good source of NB and a reasonable replacement to the Shark fins. https://medium.com/@raziqarkbiodiversity/hidden-treasure-the-camel-milk-613cf3b695d0

Today, while reviewing some literature I came to scientific work titled ‘Mini-antibodies discovered in sharks and camels could lead to drugs for cancer and other diseases“, published in 2018. Even a scientist working on a llama (small camel) nanobody was key to structure work that won a recent Nobel Prize.https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/05/mini-antibodies-discovered-sharks-and-camels-could-lead-drugs-cancer-and-other-diseases

The heavy chain small size antibodies found in camel blood and milk both. These antibodies are several times smaller than those produced by other animals including humans. Dubbed ‘nanobodies,’ they can enter tissues and cells that other antibodies cannot.

The CaM antibodies will open the door for a future’s advanced biomolecular pharmacy to treat all sorts of complicated diseases ranging from resistant bugs to the caners and viral infections to diabetes.

My Philosophy

My philosophy Nature is the Solution’ is coming true and the camel is the flag bearer of this philosophy.

  1. https://medium.com/@DrRaziqKakar/philosophy-behind-the-natural-pharmacy-camels4life-natural-health-with-the-camel-milk-on-cd360c9ffc42
  2. http://camel4all.info/
  3. https://camel4milk.wordpress.com/tag/philosophy-of-symbiosis/

The philosophy always emerges first and then a hypothesis is established and later on research is conducted. My philosophy and assumptions are coming true through the researches conducted with valid scientific methods.

Categories
Camel in America General about camel

A Review of the Book Camel Crazy

The camel is strange, useful, precious, tolerant, strong and resilient
We the human learn and absorb the above-said characteristics from the incredible camel. I think the camel is itself a chronological story, the long and diverse evolution period, from North America to the center of the earth, the Arabian peninsula.

I have my own philosophy of understanding and explaining the camel’s powers/salient features.

1. strong eyesight, 2. strong power of smell, 3. unique neck (a tool of body positioning during standing and sitting with the load), 4. strong hearing, 5. resistance to hunger and thirst, 6. tolerance (burning heat of desert and dependence on salty plants and water), 7 committed and consistent, and 8. intelligent (good in learning with stronger memory).
While reading the book ‘camel crazy’, I realized that the author Christina Adams somehow followed the 7 powers of the camel in her journey.

  • I shall briefly explain, how she followed the theme of 8 powers in her book in the following lines briefly.
  • She tolerated the loneliness after the family break
  • She resisted the stress emerged managing and nourishing an autistic kid
  • She sighted and smelled the power of the camel milk from such a distance, from North America in the ME.
  • She was balancing her position between an autistic kid and the world of the camel, understanding, and exploring.
  • She recognized and heard the voice of the people who are connected with the camels. She showed the power to hear those very diverse and vast voices.
  • She tolerated the tiring journeys and resisted the negative waves of some schools of thought and kept her direction straight and clear.
  • She proved herself owing a very intelligent mind and memory, keeping and analyzing the information she gathered from very different parts of the world.

The author explored the potential of camel milk (CaM) in healing and managing autism, a great and unique idea. With patience, she used it for years and helped her son to be healed.
She was convinced by the power of the camel, she traveled, met the camels and camel people. She visited camel cultures and absorbed their beauty and calmness.
CC is a living story, the story of a traveler of a special cause. While seating at home, you will not only learn about the camels’ wonders but you will visit the camel’s habitats through the pages of the book.

CC does not only cover the above 8 philosophical powers but also provides proves of the travel journey with very beautiful photographs and the quality of the camel milk with the tables of composition.

Categories
Camel in Middle East and Africa

Meet the Healthy Wajir Camel

Hey World

I’m Wajir, a Gabbra camel from Northern Kenya. I born in a beautiful commune in April 1997. My father is from the Gabbra tribe and my mother is from the Somali tribe. I have genes from the two important tribes. I have great makeup of genes, making me strong and keeping me alive for a longer period with full productivity and active life.

Watjir, the camel treasure of the Gabbra

I’m Strong

I’m proud of my genes, making me stronger and resilient. I have survived 2 very long and severe droughts. I just lowered my reproductive work and put my energy into surviving and enjoying life in aridity. This severe and longer drought sustained for 3 years, 2015-2018, and my many mates died. I still miss them all. I wish the world plant more vegetation, give us a better environment and make mother earth healthy and productive. I hope the rains will return to us as the rains love the vegetation.

Beautiful Wajir, lovely and proud

I’m Concerned About my Australian Mates

I have heard that some authorities in Australia are killing my camel fellows. Why they do so? The camels do not need anything from them. They live their own free and happy life. I’m very sad about them. I’m so confident and convinced that our troubles are because of our human masters, our troubles come from them, directly or indirectly.

I’m Still Productive and Lively

I have already returned to normal life. I have gifted a lot of my genes in the kind of beautiful camels to the Gabbra tribe. I’m very thankful to Gabbra, especially my master Tumal, for keeping me happy and taking care of me as a family member. I’m still surviving and gave birth to a beautiful male calf in December 2020.

Wajir

I really acknowledge Mr. Tumal, a loving animal keeper and master of Wajir.

Categories
Camel Milk for Health Cancer and others COVID-19 and camel milk Gut health

Camel Milk Lactoferrin! A Useful Tool Against the Infections

What is Lactoferrin?

Lactoferrin is one glycoprotein detected in livestock milk; as camel milk containing the highest amount in comparison to other livestock species. Lactoferrin boosts the immune system by protecting the cells against bacterial and viral infections and inflammations.

What does the Lactoferrin do?

The lactoferrin of mammalian species have been proved to inhibit the growth of some pathogenic strains in human and/or animal such as Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium, Shigella dysenteriae, Listeria monocytogenes, Streptococcus spp., Vibrio cholerae, Legionella pneumophila, Klebsiella pneumophila, Enterococcus spp., Staphylococcus spp., Bacillus stearothermophilus and Bacillus subtilis

Lactoferrin helps in Keeping Healthy Gut Microbiome

Oral administration of lactoferrin reduces bacterial infections of the gastrointestinal tract and promoting the proliferation and growth of bacteria with low iron requirements such as Lactobacillus and Bifidobacteria as beneficial strains for the host.http://camel4all.info/index.php/2020/02/19/researching-camel-milk-as-an-antiviral-agent-in-the-context-of-covid-19/

Explore the Novel Antimicrobial Molecule ‘LACTOFERRIN’

Lactoferrin can reduce bacterial growth, inhibit bacterial adhesion and biofilm formation; thus, it might be considered an antimicrobial therapeutic agent.  Regarding the increasing resistance to antibiotics, it is necessary to explore novel antimicrobial drugs for bacterial diseases. http://camel4all.info/index.php/2014/12/12/super-food-camel-milk-can-beat-the-challenge-of-super-bug-bacterial-resistance-to-antibiotics/

For further details, click on the link below https://www.researchgate.net/publication/349695089_Camel_Milk_lactoferrin_Special_agent_against_bacterial_infections

Acknowledgment

The material and scientific support for this piece of work is provided by Dr. Tahereh Muhammadabadi, is Associate Professor and working on the healing power of camel milk. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Tahereh-Mohammadabadi-2

Categories
Camel and Nature Connection Camel Breed Camel in Middle East and Africa Climate Change Adaptation

The Secret Power is in the Camels’ Genes

The drive behind the camel domestication was a set of goals to achieve through this incredible animal, the camel; an animal that can produce food in a challenging scenario. These challenges were comprised of bad weathering, scarcity of food & water, and long traveling for different purposes.

Camels relying on the driedout bushes in the desert. Photo credit Haris Kakar

The wise cameleers selected the incredible camel to achieve this set of tasks to ensure food security and livelihood in the world’s driest landscapes. The secrets of the potential both as qualitative and quantitive traits are treasured in their genes. The camel can play a very multi-dimensional role for the betterment of the human being and Mother Earth. Camel4life international is an advocacy forum promoting camel at the global level to convince the policymakers and other stakeholders to use the camels as an agent for development and food security. https://www.thenationalnews.com/uae/science/effect-of-camel-milk-against-cancer-tested-in-regional-study-1.874484

Some days before I and Dr. Ulri were interviewed by Daniel Bardsley and published in the National Newspaper of the UAE. Here is the link to the interview in the following. https://www.thenationalnews.com/uae/environment/it-s-in-their-genes-saudi-study-seeks-to-analyse-how-camels-cope-with-extreme-temperatures-1.1140431

Categories
Camel and Nature Connection Camel and water Camel Farm & Milk Production Ecosystem Management General about camel Gut health The Camel Science

Camel Ensures Food Security under the Climate Change

Camel ensures food security in climate change scenario, why? Because;

  • Camel is the most efficient animal in water economy, as camel consumes 8-10 times less water than the dairy cow in the same environment to produce 1 kg of milk
  • Camel has unique gut flora (microbiome), very diverse and as efficient as the termite’s microflora, can digest the hardiest and toughest dry matter, the camel can convert wood into energy
  • Camel is protein efficient as camel recycles blood urea and fulfill some of the protein requirement its recycling mechanism
  • Camel has very minute or zero-emission because of its efficient digestive system which digests feedstuffs in a way that produce very little methane
  • The high temperature cannot depress the milk yield of the camel, ironically the camel lactation curve incline in the harsh summer days
  • Camel does not need any cooling inputs, they can tolerate the skin burning heat waves of the desert, otherwise, in the same environment the dairy cattle need artificial cooling systems which consume energy and water
Camel is the most visible player of the desert

What do the Camels need from us?

The camels and the camels’ keepers need our support at the policy level. The camel must be considered as an important player while making policies about the deserts, climate change, food security, pastoralism, energy, emissions, dairy, meat, rural development, poverty reduction, and other related aspects. https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/20141117111944-85443832-camel-a-solution-to-the-difficult-questions-of-future

Categories
General about camel The Camel Milk (CaM)

How do you see the Future of Camel Milk and its Business?

The demand for camel milk increased manifold over the last 15 years, two main drivers are behind this rise; 1. Processing of CaM and awareness about the CaM.
Camel milk is a proven immune booster and anti-infectious along with other important healing properties. Presently the first role is very important because of the COVID19 issue. We expect a sharp rise in the demand for the CaM, but practically, the sale of the CaM shrank and couldn’t sustain its pace compared to last years (2018-2019).
This is a real question, why the demand or the flow declined? I table this question before you and wait for your technical answer. In my point of view, this decline is because of the logistic complications following the negative propaganda linking COVID19 and the MERS altogether.
Waiting and looking forward

Categories
Camel in European Countries

Local ecotourism as an economic niche for endangered camel breeds’ conservation

Camels are exotic elements, which can be comprised of adventure travel companies promoting ecotourism activities. Such recreations contribute to sustainable livelihoods for local communities and educational empowerment towards nature and its conservation. At present, some local camel breeds’ survival reduces to this animal-based leisure industry and its reliability to perform and promote customized services accurately.

For centuries, Canarian camels participated in multiple agricultural labors, military operations, and a beast of burden at short and long distances. According to historical chronicles, the opening of island ports to Atlantic traffic in the late 1800s led to the evolvement of an active tourism network that completely changed the functional destination of these animals in the islands a few decades later. The mechanization of agricultural works and transportation means from the last third of the 20th century made its census suffer a dramatic reduction in rural areas and being this species progressively adapted to the transport of tourists instead. Fortunately, tourism rise and expansion in the 1990s resulted in population recovery. Since then, these animals have a cardinal role in the tourism industry, which is the principal income source for local camel breeders apart from the European Union live animal market. Other emerging but still minoritarian productive niches of this breed, which lack phenotypic characterization and selection programs, are milk, meat, and wool.

The current census of this camel breed is estimated at 1200 individuals, and it is included in the Spanish Official Catalogue of Livestock as an endangered autochthonous breed since 2012 by the Order AAA/251/2012 of the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. As it constitutes the only Spanish and European traditional camel population, this distinctive breed deserves functional revaluation for selective breeding with conservation purposes. With this objective, an in-depth assessment of camel tourism dimensions is fully required given its far-iconic tourism attractiveness.

By conducting an on-site questionnaire to customers participating in camelback riding tours, researchers from Cordoba (Spain) assessed the motivational factors affecting participation, satisfaction, and loyalty in this tourism segment that may have made it socially differentiated. The sixfold combination of staff performance, culture geography, diverse and humane close interaction, camel behavior and performance, sociotemporal context, and positive previous experience involves the elemental dimensions that explain customer satisfaction and return intention probability within this entertainment business.

This applied research is the first holistic approach in this applied-research field. Customer knowledge is essential for stakeholders to build personalized riding experiences and align profits with environmental sustainability and biodiversity mainstream concerns into their everyday operations. In turn, domestic camel tourist rides could be managed as a viable path to nature conservation by helping endangered local breeds to avoid their functional devaluation and potential extinction.

Carlos Iglesias

Ph.D. candidate, Department of Genetics, University of Cordoba, 14014 Cordoba, SpainResearchGate: Carlos Iglesias PastranaSkype: Carlos Iglesias Pastrana
Phone number: +34 638 196 505

Categories
Camel Milk and Natural Health Camel Milk for Health

IMPORTANCE OF CAMEL MILK FOR HUMAN HEALTH

Camel milk is known in Asia and Africa for 5000 years for its benefits for human health. Therefore, it is not only consumed as food, but also a remedy. Many studies have reported, that camel milk has a very high concentration of mono-and polyunsaturated fatty acids, serum albumin, lactoferrin, immunoglobulin’s, vitamins C, and E, lysozyme, manganese, and iron, as well as the hormone insulin. Therefore, camel milk can be prescribed as a remedy for many human illnesses. It has been proven as a useful application in the stomach and intestinal disorders, Diabetes-1, food allergy. In addition, camel milk has been used to reduce cholesterol levels in the blood, to avoid psoriasis disease, to heal inflammation in the body, to assist patients with tuberculosis, helping to strengthen the human immune system, to reduce growth the of cancer cells, and to cure autism. Even the patient can benefit from the biological factors in camel milk, it must be consumed raw, fresh, and free of pathogens after a good machine milking. These potential health benefits of camel milk should be further study.

To read the whole article, please go to the link; https://www.ejfa.me/index.php/journal/article/view/1024

Categories
Camel Milk for Health The Camel Milk (CaM)

Fresh, Pasteurized, or Powder; How to use the Camel Milk?

The camel milk is really a great combination of very healthy and supermolecules, support our natural and balanced health. http://camel4all.info/index.php/about/camel4milk/

Which Type of CaM should be Used?

  • The fresh CaM is the best but should come from healthy (screened from Brucellosis, TB, and other zoonotic diseases) camels and harvested in a very hygienic environment.
  • Such milk should be used within 1 hour or up to 3 hours if stored at room temperature. For longer shelf life, should be stored below 5 Celcius for 5 days.
  • If any sort of doubt on the health of the camel/s or the milking environments, then the milk must be pasteurized.
  • Infield conditions put the milk in a metal pot on a light flame and stir continuously. After you see the steam evaporating from the milk, put a drop or 2 on your hand, if it burns the skin then stop heating and keep the pot at room temperature until it becomes lukewarm. I call such milk as the flash pasteurized.
  • Flash pasteurized CaM can be used within 5 hours or can be chilled at a temperature below 5 Celcius. Such chilled pasteurized milk can be used for 7 days.
  • If one has access to the commercially available pasteurized, UHT, or powdered milk, it is safe and healthy to be used.
  • My friend Mike from Malasia (a camel milk advocate and user) says that CaM powder can be extraordinary. Few families who are using it seeing changing results as early as 2 weeks.
  • The powder processing is different from the freeze-drying process. It’s all about delta temperature exposed versus exposed time factor. Similar to flash pasteurize versus longer time at lower temperature pasteurization.
  • Similar concept like you have a balloon where you put it into a room that’s 150°C for 5 seconds versus the same balloon where you put into a room that’s 50°C for 15 minutes. Which 🎈will burst 💥 first? The same explanation applies to CaM processing in both pasteurization and powdering.
  • The °C delta vs time delta factor also applies to the freeze-drying process. Furthermore, the sudden change of vacuum pressure in the freeze-drying process will change the structure of the compounds in CaM. Similar explanation as 🎈.
  • Sudden kPa change will 💥 the 🎈 but slow kPa change will not 💥. It got to do with the elasticity of the 🎈rubber layer. Apply to CaM compounds/molecules. e.g. fat, protein, etc.
  • I believe the same arguments apply to ice cream processing too. You can get soft creamy ice cream or ice cream that tastes like frozen ice/water in it.

Categories
Camel Breed Camel in India and Pakistan General about camel

My Personal Beautiful Camels~ White Kohi

Balochistan is home to different and multipurpose camel breeds, productive and beautiful. I love all types of camels but the white Kohi breed is very close to my heart.
Kohi camel is found in northeastern Balochistan. It produces up to 10 kg of milk per day with a lactation length of 8 months. I have few Kohi camels back in Balochistan, they are special and unique.
you can find some beautiful camels below.

She is pregnant of 9 months. We hope she will give birth a very beautiful white calf.
Beautiful male calf of 9 months age.

In a live video message, I appealed to the people in Balochistan to come back to the camel culture. Keep the camel instead of an exotic cow for milk. It has many benefits both for the environment and the expenses.

You can read further about the White Kohi camel breed in the following links. The Kohi mean mountainous, this is a mountainous breed and found in Suleiman region of Balochistan Pakistan.

Categories
Camel in Australia

The Camel Milk is a Hope for a Sustainable Camel Development in Australia

Behind the Australian Camels

I’m behind the Australian camels for the last 15 years. I’m a witness of very sad and happy news about the feral camels of Australia. A recent post tells the insight of the camel dairy development in the country. There is good hope, I think it will develop the camel business very sustainably. Though the development is still very slow and steady it will provide a strong base for a camel business in the future.

The Feral Camels Provide the Base

Most camel farmers in Australia start their herds by capturing wild camels from the outback or rescuing culled animals destined for an abattoir, helping control a feral population that is increasing about 8 percent a year.

AgriFutures Australia estimates the local camel milk industry produced about 180,000 liters in 2019, up from 50,000 three years ago. Globally most camel milk production is in the Middle East and North Africa but Australian farmers have a strategic advantage because our camels are free of a disease common elsewhere.

The link to the post is here. https://www.smh.com.au/business/small-business/the-new-goat-milk-camel-milk-finds-favour-among-health-conscious-consumers-20191223-p53mfr.html

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Categories
Camel Milk for Health

Camel Milk is the Best Choice

If Available, the camel milk should be the only choice as a dairy product

If not available easily, the should be the only replacement after the cow milk for lactose intolerant people as camel milk is free of intolerant lactose

Camel milk is free of CMAP (cow milk allergin proteins), so the people with CMAP can happily take the camel milk

All white fluids coming from the veg, fruit, or nuts extractions are not milked as the milk is only synthesized in the mammary gland of a living animal

Take a glass of camel milk daily, enjoy your health, vigor, stamina, and happiness

The camel is really a unique creature

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Categories
Ecosystem Management

Grazing Livestock can Eliminate the Fire Hazards in the Forests

This time of the year, there are forest fires in California and other regions of the USA. There are many theories analyzing the situation and recommending some unique ideas to be implemented for the control of the losses from the havoc blazes. As an experienced ethnoecologist and animal scientist, I’m pretty sure that grazing livestock can save our forests from the fire. As an example, the camel can clean the forests up to 10 feet in height. The sheep and cattle can clean the grasses. The goats can eat the bushes and shrubs.

The fire spread on the ground and creep through dried grasses and bushes. Sonoma County, California, USA

This will have a very positive symbiotic impact on the ecosystem and there will be healthy animals and healthy forests. The microflora in camel manure enriches the microbiome diversity in the vegetation which ultimately impacts the rumen biome of the other livestock grazing in the same ecosystem. The livestock manure is 10 times better in soil fertility richness and home to many beneficial microorganisms.

camel can browse up to a height of 100 feet

According to my philosophy which I have learned from nature, if livestock grazing is allowed in the forests, there will be no fire. I’m 100% sure of that. The bushes, grass, and shrubs get to fire first because they are closest to the soil and their dried out leaves get fire and spread in the forest. The grazing animals can clean such close to the soil plants 3 or more times a year and the hazard of the fire will be minimum or even nil. The other benefits are the enriching the soil fertility and diversifying both the floral and faunal biodiversity.

The trees are trimed at a certain height (almost 10 feet) by the camels.

Jeni Ahmet wrote to me that “this philosophy will certainly work in Australia, it would be a great help if implemented. Last summer Australia burned in the most horrendous fires in history. All-access to forests for livestock and people has been banned for a number of years resulting in a massive build-up of fuel. Catastrophic fires were the result and the loss of billions of lives of wildlife – including our iconic koalas – burned alive 

But Cyndy McCurdy stresses using the right kind of livestock. Hard Hooved grazers do a lot of damage to the Australian Landscape but soft-footed browsers are ok and they eat weeds. But I would not agree with this approach. All type of livestock is the right livestock, only overgrazing should be avoided. The livestock hooves help in softening the soil and help in germinating the seeds. Some seeds need to be soaked and passing through the livestock gut is the best way of soaking to germinate.

The camel is trying to eat farther, there is no connection between the ground plants and the shoots of the trees.

Scientifically the fertility only increases with the livestock manure because livestock converts the grasses/leaves etc into an organic compost, which increases the soil fertility and gives texture and stability, resisting the water and wind erosion. Strong or hard hooves are no more very relevant. Even the hard hooves are required to make the soil fluffy for seed germination. According to Jeni Ahmet, the modern scientific thinking’s that it is all bad these “hard hooves” yet for decades when these forests were grazed by cattle and horses there were never ever such ferocious fires. Even the firefighters have said there was just way too much fuel. Some of these firefighters have done this job for decades. Banning the grazing is not looking like a smart move when you look at history.

The camels clean the shrubs and bushes.

Livestock grazing is a solution to many complicated issues that emerged in recent decades. Livestock is not a problem but a tool to control hazardous fires, enrich soil fertility, stabilize forests’ health, and provide us very nutritious food.